CH19 April 4 - Nitriles: Nomenclature 1. Open chain...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nitriles: Nomenclature 1. Examples: 2. Examples: Open chain nitriles are named by adding the suffix "­nitrile" to the alkane name. The nitrile carbon is carbon 1 in the parent chain More complex structures can be named as deivatives of carboxylic acids Replace the "­ic acid" or "­oic acid" endings with "­onitrile" You can also replace "­carboxylic acid" with "­carbonitrile" Title: Jul 18 ­ 9:07 AM (1 of 13)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Structure and Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids Hydrogen Bonding: Intermolecular Cohesion Carboxylic acids show strong intermolecular association (attraction) due to H­ bonding (similar to alcohols) Strong H­bonding has a quantifiable effect on boiling points Carboxylic acids boil at higher temperatures than corresponding alcohols Title: Jul 18 ­ 9:10 AM (2 of 13)
Background image of page 2
Relative Acidity of Carboxylic Acids: Dissociation in Water: Relative Acidity Comparison: They react with NaOH and NaHCO 3(and other similar bases) to form metal carboxylate salts Carboxylic acids with more than six carbons are not very soluble in H 2O Metal salts, however, are soluble in aqueous solutions Title: Jul 18 ­ 9:18 AM (3 of 13)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Resonance Stabilization of Carboxylate Anions: Title: Jul 18 ­ 9:25 AM (4 of 13)
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course CHEM 2212 taught by Professor Habbard during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

Page1 / 13

CH19 April 4 - Nitriles: Nomenclature 1. Open chain...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online