CH19 April 9 - Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives and...

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Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives and Nucleophilic Acyl Substitutions Reactions General Overview of Carboxylic Compounds: Y Group = Carboxylic Acid Acid Halide (Cl and Br only) Acid Anhydride Ester Amide Thioester Acyl Phosphate Structure: acyl group bonded to "Y" (an electronegative atom/group) Halide, acyloxy, alkoxy, amine, thiolate, phosphate Title: Page %d of %d
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General Reaction Pattern: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution General Reaction Mechanism: Title: Page %d of %d
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Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: 1. Acid Halides: Examples: Replace the "­ic acid" ending from the the carboxylic name with "­yl" or replace the "­carboxylic acid" ending with "­carbonyl" and then specify the halide Title: Page %d of %d
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Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives (cont'd): 2. Acid Anhydrides: Examples: From unsubstituted monocarboxylic acids and symmetrical: replace "acid" with "anhydride" based on the carboxylic acid name From substituted monocarboxylic acids and symmetrical : use the prefix "bis­" in
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course CHEM 2212 taught by Professor Habbard during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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CH19 April 9 - Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acid Derivatives and...

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