exam 4 reactions - Wittig reaction (p. 721) Direct and...

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Comprehensive Listing of Mechanisms for Exam 4: This is a list of the general reaction mechanisms that you must be familiar with for exam 4. Realize that in a test situation you will be asked to provide mechanisms for specific reactions that are analogous to the general mechanisms provided below. It is your job to study these mechanisms and be able to accurately apply them to the analogous reaction(s) provided during the test. Chapter 19 Mechanisms: Nucleophilic addition to aldehydes/ketones (p. 703) Acid catalyzed hydration of aldehydes/ketones (p. 706) Grignard alkylation of aldehydes/ketones (p. 709) Hydride reduction of aldehydes/ketones (p. 709) Imine formation (p. 711) Enamine formation (p. 713) Wolff-Kishner reduction (p. 716) Acid catalyzed acetal formation (p. 718)
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Unformatted text preview: Wittig reaction (p. 721) Direct and conjugate addition to an ,-unsaturated enone (p. 726) Chapter 20 Mechanisms: Conversion of an amide to a nitrile (p. 767) Base catalyzed hydrolysis of a nitrile (p. 768-769) Chapter 21 Mechanisms: Conversion of a carboxylic acid to an acid chloride (p. 795) Conversion of a carboxylic acid to an ester [acid and base catalyzed] (p. 795-796) Conversion of an acid chloride to a carboxylic acid [acid and base catalyzed] (p. 802) Conversion of an ester to a carboxylic acid [acid and base catalyzed] (p. 810-811) Conversion of an ester to an alcohol (p. 812) Conversion of an amide to a carboxylic acid [acid/base catalyzed] (p. 814-815) Conversion of an amide to an amine (p. 816)...
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