08 - PHIL209A Schol of Legalism-last school of thought in...

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PHIL209A 4/15/08 Schol of Legalism -last school of thought in Warring State Period -Very practical school meaning theory is more political less idealistic -Not really talking about law nowadays- not talking about justice or fairness or moral conduct- actually meaning how political leader can control the people effectively -cruel- used power to punish and control people Social Background: - In early Chou Dynasty, it seems that Li formed the written code of honor governing the conduct of the Nobles, or Gentlemen; and hsing (punishment, penalties) for common men, or small men -these punishments are cruel- not just prison but physical harm -school of legalism emphasizes these punishments Han Fei Tzu: -Student of Hsun Tzu, a classmate of Li Ssu Three Groups of Legalism: 1)-Shen Tao: Shih- Power and authority 2)-Shen Pu-Hai: Shu- method or art of conducting affairs and handling men 3)-Shang Yang: Fa- Law -Han Fei Tzu combines all three groups together Legalist Philosophy of History -Appealed to the Ancient authority vs. new measures for new
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08 - PHIL209A Schol of Legalism-last school of thought in...

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