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ASSIGNMENT FORPGDAEM COURSETitle of the Course -AEM-104Participatory Approaches in Agricultural Extension(2 Credits)Admission no. AEM‐15/MP/11NameMr. Deepak PalAddressHouse No 2, Bansipura Chouraha,Morar ‐474006, District: Gwalior, State: Madhya Pradesh,Phone: 0751‐4035304, 09303339896Email: [email protected]Programme titlePost Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM)Semester I/IIICourse codeAEM-101Course titleParticipatory Approaches in Agricultural Extension (2 Credits)Name of your Study centreState Institute of Agricultural Extension And Training (SIAET), Bhopal, M.P.SignatureDate
In this assignment I started by elucidating "Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) ", and thenI explained about its relevance in the present day farming.IntroductionTraditional knowledge (TK), indigenous knowledge (IK), traditional ecologic knowledge(TEK) and local knowledge generally refer to knowledge systems embedded in the culturaltraditions of regional, indigenous, or local communities. Traditional knowledge includes types ofknowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting oragriculture), midwifery, ethno botany and ecological knowledge, celestial navigation, ethnoastronomy, the climate etc. These kinds of knowledge are crucial for the subsistence and survivaland are generally based on accumulations of empirical observation and interaction with theenvironment.As an emergent field of study, IK is characterized by various definitions, fragmentedtheoretical conceptions, and marginalized positions vis-a-vis the current mainstream knowledgesystem. Thus, a plethora of terminologies referring to the same phenomenon has resulted:indigenous knowledge systems, indigenous technical knowledge, ethno science, local science,traditional science, people science, and village science. In many cases, traditional knowledge hasbeen orally passed for generations from person to person. Some forms of traditional knowledgeare expressed through stories, legends, folklore, rituals, songs, and even laws. Other forms oftraditional knowledge are expressed through different means. Indigenous knowledge systems(IKS) are being examined by academicians, development planners, and contributors toalternative development approaches. The literature on AIK does not provide a single definition of the concept. This is imparteddue to the differences in background and perspectives of various authors, ranging from social,anthropology to agricultural engineering. Nevertheless, the various definitions have somecommon traits which are that AIK is:- generated within communities (Agrawal, 1995);-location and culture specific (Ahmed, 1994);-the basis for decision making and survival strategies (Agrawal, 1995: 416);-not systematically documented;- concerned with critical issues of human and animal life: primary production, human and animal life, natural resource management;-dynamic and based on innovation, adaptation, and experimentation; and-oral and rural in nature.