104 - ASSIGNMENT FOR PGDAEM COURSE Title of the Course...

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ASSIGNMENT FOR PGDAEM COURSE Title of the Course - AEM-104 Participatory Approaches in Agricultural Extension (2 Credits) Admission no. AEM 15/MP/11 Name Mr. Deepak Pal Address House No 2, Bansipura Chouraha,Morar 474006, District: Gwalior, State: Madhya Pradesh,Phone: 0751 4035304, 09303339896 Email: [email protected] Programme title Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM) Semester I/II I Course code AEM-101 Course title Participatory Approaches in Agricultural Extension (2 Credits) Name of your Study centre State Institute of Agricultural Extension And Training (SIAET), Bhopal, M.P. Signature Date
In this assignment I started by elucidating " Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) ", and then I explained about its relevance in the present day farming. Introduction Traditional knowledge (TK), indigenous knowledge (IK), traditional ecologic knowledge (TEK) and local knowledge generally refer to knowledge systems embedded in the cultural traditions of regional, indigenous, or local communities. Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethno botany and ecological knowledge, celestial navigation, ethno astronomy, the climate etc. These kinds of knowledge are crucial for the subsistence and survival and are generally based on accumulations of empirical observation and interaction with the environment. As an emergent field of study, IK is characterized by various definitions, fragmented theoretical conceptions, and marginalized positions vis-a-vis the current mainstream knowledge system. Thus, a plethora of terminologies referring to the same phenomenon has resulted: indigenous knowledge systems, indigenous technical knowledge, ethno science, local science, traditional science, people science, and village science. In many cases, traditional knowledge has been orally passed for generations from person to person. Some forms of traditional knowledge are expressed through stories, legends, folklore, rituals, songs, and even laws. Other forms of traditional knowledge are expressed through different means. Indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) are being examined by academicians, development planners, and contributors to alternative development approaches. The literature on AIK does not provide a single definition of the concept. This is imparted due to the differences in background and perspectives of various authors, ranging from social, anthropology to agricultural engineering. Nevertheless, the various definitions have some common traits which are that AIK is: - generated within communities (Agrawal, 1995); -location and culture specific (Ahmed, 1994); -the basis for decision making and survival strategies (Agrawal, 1995: 416); -not systematically documented; - concerned with critical issues of human and animal life: primary production, human and animal life, natural resource management; -dynamic and based on innovation, adaptation, and experimentation; and -oral and rural in nature.

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