Thinkers table

Thinkers table - Thinker Historical context 400 BC Idealist...

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Thinker Historical context Key concepts Human nature The purpose of the Polis or State Other themes: Justice, Property, Power, etc. Plato 400 BC Idealist. Writes under teacher’s image, Socrates, who questioned things and subverted the young. Lived in Atheninan “democracy” Founded the “Academy”, “Myth of the Metals” to explain hierarchy. No trespassing ranks => prevent chaos! Leaders see unchanging beauty (reality, “essence”). “Sailors and captain”, “Allegory of Cave” Tripartite description (essential argument): a) Desire, need, discipline; b) Passion, bravery, spirit, strength; c) reason, intellect, thinking (1 dominates) Justice/Morality found in harmony AND hierarchy. Just community is where each class does what they are suited for. Serve the people No private property or family life for guardians (NO private interest). We should accept leader’s truth because they know what is best for us (elitist argument). Sophist false
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Thinkers table - Thinker Historical context 400 BC Idealist...

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