ONLINE quiz 1 - Assessment 1 A) decisions B)

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ONLINE quiz 1

View Test Prep - ONLINE quiz 1 from HIST 002 at Pennsylvania State University.

1 .   How did the Peace of Westphalia influence future European disputes ?
A ) ) It forced European monarchs to appeal to a committee of European leaders for all major financial and political decisions .
B ) ) It served as a diplomatic model for resolving disputes between warring nations , as it brought all parties together to design a settlement .
C ) ) It laid out the terms for naval warfare , particularly regarding the burgeoning Atlantic trade and the rise in privateering .
D ) ) It forced the losing parties to take all blame and punishment for the conflict , creating a model that would last well into the twentieth century .
2 .   Johannes Gutenberg was the first European to successfully develop which of the following ?
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3 .   In 1517 , Martin Luther wrote ninety­five theses or questions for debate that attacked _____.
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4 .   Which breakthrough helped make possible the European voyages of discovery in the fifteenth century ?
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5 .   Which French Catholic ruler ushered in the French Wars of Religion after a disastrous attempt to play rival factions against one another ?
A ) ) Henry of Navarre .
B ) ) Charles IX .
C ) ) Henri de Guise .
D ) ) Catherine de Médicis .
6 .   Why did the Spanish and Portuguese increasingly rely on dark­skinned Africans to serve as slaves in their colonies in the Atlantic and the New World by the sixteenth century ?
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7 .   Which of the following contributed to the success of Hernán Cortés ( 1485 – 1547 ) , who was sent by the Spanish crown to the Americas in search of gold ?
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8 .   Why did the Dutch Republic develop a policy of religious toleration ?
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10 .   What began the first phase of European overseas expansion ?
A ) ) Portuguese exploration of the West African coast .
B ) ) Ferdinand Magellan 's circumnavigation of the globe .
C ) ) Christopher Columbus 's discovery of America .
D ) ) Vasco da Gama 's voyage to India .
11 .   Why did the invention of the printing press potentially challenge political and religious authorities ?
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12 .   How did the Thirty Years ' War affect European civilians ?
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13 .   Which of the following best describes the origins of the Thirty Years ' War ( 1618–1648 ) ?
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14 .   By the end of the Thirty Years ' War , the balance of power in Europe
A ) ) had shifted away from the Habsburg powers toward France , England , and the Dutch Republic .
B ) ) remained in the hands of the Habsburg rulers of Spain and Austria despite challenges from Protestant powers such as France and England .
C ) ) was moving away from secular monarchs and into the hands of religious organizations such as the Roman Catholic church .
D ) ) had completely collapsed , leaving nearly every European country in political and economic turmoil .
15 .   Why did Philip II 's Spanish Armada carry religious as well as political significance ?
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16 .   How did European rulers justify the growth of state authority and the expansion of government bureaucracies in the wake of the Thirty Years ' War ?
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2016/9/10Assessment1/31.2.3.4.5.against one another?6.Atlantic and the New World by the sixteenth century?7.8.How did the Peace of Westphalia influence future European disputes?A) ) It forced European monarchs to appeal to a committee of European leaders for all major financial and politicaldecisions.B) ) It served as a diplomatic model for resolving disputes between warring nations, as it brought all parties togetherto design a settlement.C) ) It laid out the terms for naval warfare, particularly regarding the burgeoning Atlantic trade and the rise inprivateering.D) ) It forced the losing parties to take all blame and punishment for the conflict, creating a model that would last wellinto the twentieth century.
Johannes Gutenberg was the first European to successfully develop which of the following?
In 1517, Martin Luther wrote ninety­five theses or questions for debate that attacked _____.
Which breakthrough helped make possible the European voyages of discovery in the fifteenth century?
Which French Catholic ruler ushered in the French Wars of Religion after a disastrous attempt to play rival factionsagainst one another?A) ) Henry of Navarre.B) ) Charles IX.C) ) Henri de Guise.D) ) Catherine de Médicis.
Why did the Spanish and Portuguese increasingly rely on dark­skinned Africans to serve as slaves in their colonies in theAtlantic and the New World by the sixteenth century?

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