PSYC380 Exam 2 SP2016 Study Guide

PSYC380 Exam 2 SP2016 Study Guide - Psyc380 Exam 2 Study...

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Psyc380 Exam 2 Study Guide Eating and sleep disorders How does sleep relate to other disorders such as depression? - Sleep disorder cycle, anxiety/depression affects sleep cycle, which affects anxiety depression - Can have physical and psychological affects can’t concentrate, comprehend things, complete tasks, retain info - *know the cycle and physical affects of depression and lack of sleep** What are the major features of the following disorders (or conditions)? How would you distinguish one from another? - Anorexia: binging/purging (exercise excessively) sometimes, amenorrhea, **will have weight loss - Bulimia: little to no weight loss, has to have binging and purging - Binge Eating Disorder: no weight loss , excessive weight gain , only binging, irregulatireis in leptin and grelin can be 8/;resolved with bariatric surgery What factors put people at risk for eating disorders? - Cultural customs/traditions – day revolves around food and comfort food, most of the time not healthy... very stressed culture relies on foods, what your family/culture eats (higher obesity rates based on family diet) - Genetic – obesity, how metabolism works/ how you process foods, thyroid disorders, irregularities in leptin and gremlin - Media What are the treatments for eating disorders? - Anorexia: people usually have pride because of control and don’t want to let go, often refuse/stop treatment…. Treatment = *restore weight , then focus on self-image/confidence/relation with food , no good evidence for medication (refuse to take or stop), cognitive behavioral therapy - Bulimia: don’t have control and have to binge/purge, treated with Prozac/anxiety disorder medication , cognitive behavioral therapy and relation w food - Binging eating disorder: o Obesity: lifestyle changes (CBT ), medication to regulate hormones and put them on diet to try to lose weight themselves, last resort = bariatric surgery Substance-related, Addictive Disorders What are the key features of the following conditions and/or disorders related to substance abuse? - Alcohol (or drug) dependence: when you are addicted to the drug, rely on the substance (stealing money to get it, need it to get through work, can’t go without it) – negative reinforcement , can calm down anxiety and cause dependence ; positive reinforcement – increase serotonin levels (happiness) and you want more - Alcohol (or drug) abuse: maladaptive behavior, doesn’t mean youre using it all the time, but it is a misuse of the substance when you do – using it incorrectly, not necessarily addicted - Tolerance: need more for the same affect, body gets used to it and you have to take more, functionally the pain si fine but u think u need more - Withdrawal: symptoms your body experiences when tou stop the drug cold turkey – shivering, shakes, fever, hallucinations, cold sweats What factors put people at risk for developing substance use disorders?
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