chapter26_1class

chapter26_1class - Charges positive (+) negative (-)...

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Charges positive (+) negative (-) conservation Force (field) Potential (energy) 12 12 12 r r F ) ) r 2 2 1 0 2 2 1 4 1 r q q r q q k e πε = = Force between point charges e q = F E r r Force on charge in the field 0 A E ε Φ q d E = = r r Connect field with its source: charge = - B A d V s E r r Δ qV U = Connect field with energy What for? To understand the world Or to move on to capacitor, one of the three passive components in circuits
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Chapter 26 Capacitance and Dielectrics
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Capacitors = that which have capacitance to hold = containers c Capacitors are devices that store electric charge c Any conductors can store electric charge, but c Capacitors that specially designed devices to story a lot of charges c Examples of where capacitors are used include: c radio receivers c filters in power supplies c to eliminate sparking in automobile ignition systems c energy-storing devices in electronic flashes How is my English?
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Capacitance c The capacitance , C , is defined as the ratio of the amount of the charge Q on the conductor to the potential increase Δ V of the conductor because of the charge: c This ratio is an indicator of the capability that the object can hold charges. It is a constant once the object is given, regardless there is charge on the object or not. This is like the capacitance of a mug which does not depend on there is water in it or not. c The SI unit of capacitance is the farad (F) V Q C Δ Q V C= 1V 1C F 1 =
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More About Capacitance c Capacitance will always be a positive quantity c The capacitance of a given capacitor is constant c The capacitance is a measure of the capacitor’s ability to store charge c The farad is an extremely large unit, typically you will see microfarads ( μ F=10 -6 F), nanofarads (nF=10 -19 F), and picofarads (pF=10 -12 F)
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Capacitance of a one conductor system is small: for example, Isolated Sphere
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chapter26_1class - Charges positive (+) negative (-)...

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