HistoryTerms - Gideon Victor 1 Martin Luther The son of a...

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Gideon Victor 1. Martin Luther - The son of a Saxon miner, Martin Luther lived from 1483- 1546. In 1505 he became a monk. Later becomes a professor at Wittenberg, a chaplain of Elector of Saxony, and in 1517 he posts the 95 Theses questioning the ethics behind the selling of indulgences that was going on in Wittenberg. Two of his main teachings were sola fide and sola scriptura. Sola fide emphasized that faith, not works, allowed humans to receive Christ’s mercy. Sola scriptura declared that the biblical text was the only authority upon which to base morals and faith. Luther also declared a ‘priesthood of all believers’, meaning anyone could develop a strong relationship with God, and he also denied papal authority. Luther translated the Bible into German and published it in 1522. Luther did not believe in transubstantiation, the Catholic belief that the Eucharist bread and wine are manifestations of the body and blood of Jesus Christ. 2. John Calvin - A French theologian who lived from 1509 to 1564. Calvin advocated the 5 teachings of the Protestant Reformation and forms logical conclusions upon the teachings. Calvin taught that justification implied predestination, and that those who were faithful formed an elect group. He created
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