Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia - 1 Yugoslavia I. Dates a. 1102 was the year of...

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Yugoslavia I. Dates a. 1102 was the year of the Pacta Conventa, an agreement between King Coloman of Hungary and the Croatian nobility in 1102. It started the Union of Croatia and Hungary that would last until 1918. b. 1389 – Between 1371 and 1389 was the reign of Prince lazar. Then the Battle of Kosovo Polje takes place on June 28, 1389 in which both prince lazar and Sultan Murad I are killed. From 1389 to 1427, the Reign of Prince Stefan Lazarevic, on and off vassal of the Ottomans. c. 1878 – Congress of Berlin awards Bosnia and Hercegovina to Austria- Hungary. Between 1878 and 1918, Bosnia is a province under Austro- Hungarian imperial rule; Serbs, Croats and Muslim each create political parties. d. January 1990 - Marked beginning of the end of Yugoslavia when at the 14 th Extraordinary Congress of the League of Communists, the delegations of the republics cold not agree on the main issues of the federation. Slovenia who demanded democratic changes and a looser federation and Croatia left. II. People a. Franjo Tudjman (Frawnyo Toodjman) – Nationalist. 1 st president of Croatia, a year later he declared its independence. Talked of the 1,000 year old dream of Croatia’s independence, although it was a relatively new idea. b. Slobodan Milosevic (Mealoshevitch) S- Leader of Serbia in 1987, later president of Serbia in 1989 where he abolished the autonomy of Kosovo and Vojvodina. In 1998, Milosevic orders police to crush Albanian rebellion. In 2000, Milosevic deposed as leader of Serbia, replaced by Vojislav Kostunica. 2001, Milosevic sent by new Serbian government to stand trial for crimes against humanity. 2006, he dies in prison. c. Alija Isetbegovic (Aliyah Isetbegovitch) –Muslim name. In 1983 there was the trial and conviction of Alija Isetbegovic and 12 other Bosnian Muslims in Sarajevo on charges of advocating an Islamic state for Bosnia. In November of 1990, the Bosnian elections result in victory for nationalist political parties and Alija Isetbegovic. d. Stefan Nemanja (Nemanya) S- In 1196, Stefan Nemanja abdicates and retires to Mount Athos, leaving a principality that includes Zeta, Raska, Herzegovina, and Kosovo. He founded the Nemanjić dynasty and became recognized as an Orthodox Christian Saint. e. St . Sava S- St. Sava Stefan II ‘s brother, secures autocephaly for Serbian church from Byzantium and becomes its first head. He is also the most important saint in the Serbian Orthodox Church and important cultural and political worker of that time. Died in 1236. f. Prince Lazar – heroic Serbian figure, Saint of the Serbian Orthodox Church. By 1387 he was raising a massive force to meet the invading forces of the Ottoman Empire, which would include every Serbian knight 1
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in his kingdom . The two large forces met in the 1389 battle of Kosovo , and Lazar was one of those killed during that battle, along with much of Serbia's political elite. g.
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course SLAVIC 90 taught by Professor Koropeckyj during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Yugoslavia - 1 Yugoslavia I. Dates a. 1102 was the year of...

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