81121_RHINOPITHECUS ROXELLANA - RHINOPITHECUS...

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RHINOPITHECUS ROXELLANA (golden snub-nosed monkey) RHINOPITHECUS ROXELLANA (golden snub-nosed monkey) The name roxellana originates from Suleiman wife and the snub nosed concubine. This species is endangered. It is known to have a life span of 23 years. Roxellina lives in the central china and has a gestation period of six months. The species has approximately 68 centimeters of height with a weight of 20 kilograms. This species belongs to the Haplorrhini suborder, the family of cercopithecoidea and the genus of Rhinopithecus. This type of monkey is also referred to as the orange monkey or the snow monkey. (Anthony, 1941) The monkey’s morphology; the limbs and the body appear yellow to red. This colour ranges from orange red to brown. According to Brandon jones in 1985 the back and the upper regions of the monkey appear black with an extension of the colour to the tail as a strip. Groves in 1970 and 2001 realized that the area behind the legs appeared white with the front side of the body showing a yellow to white colour. The fur of the monkey is black at the apex and dorsal end (Chaplin & Jablonski. 1998.”) According to Brandon jones the male members of this species are observed to be brightly colored in orange as they advance in age as opposed to the female species. The projecting portion of face is white with no hair surrounding with the eyes appearing light blue. In 1970 Grooves discovered that the monkey’s fur is averagely long with length of 6cm and the fur being spread with yellow fur. Some of the male monkeys develop long back hairs that appear golden in colour ranging from 55 centimeters The main feature of this monkey showing it is a primate is the presence of nostrils that point directly to the ground. According to Davidson in 1982, discovered that the genitals in the male show a brighter colour and have a penis that is black. The length of this monkey is about
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RHINOPITHECUS ROXELLANA (golden snub-nosed monkey) 68centimeters for the male and for the females 51 centimeters. The weight for the males is 18kgs while for the female is 12kgs. However, these weights vary with the surrounding environment. The males are observed to be bigger than the females depending on the different morphologies. The wild type of this type of monkeys is known to live on trees averaging to 97 % living in the forest upper strata. However, when this species is held captive they usually spend most of time on the ground. For the wild type movement involves the use of both the front and hind limbs in leaping, walking or climbing. Leaping helps the monkey in moving from one tree to the other with the use of the front limbs. Davidson also realized that when held captivity this monkeys use the limbs to jump walk and trot. Range of this monkey; this monkey inhabits regions in the forest ranging from 6000 to 9000 feet and are known to be temperate. This species has been seen in Gansu, Hubei, Sichuan and Shaanxi areas. They occupy the western and the southern regions, where there are forests and a river. Groves in 1970 also argued that this golden monkey is being observed in the Chinese areas.
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