Lecture3 - Models of Ethnic Identity PSY M107/AAS M117...

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Unformatted text preview: Models of Ethnic Identity PSY M107/AAS M117 Outline Definition Models of Ethnic Identity EI Research with Asian Americans Apply EIDM to Liu EI and Selfesteem Phinney & Chavira (1992) Is EI important for everyone? Crocker et al. 1994 MIDM Atkinson, Morton & Sue EIDM Phinney Ying & Lee (1999) Ethnic Identity Definition: That part of an individual's selfconcept which derives from his knowledge of membership of a social group (or groups) together with the value and emotional significance attached to that membership (Tajfel, cited by Phinney) Different from acculturation* Ethnic Identity notes: Ethnic identity as bidimensional or unidimensional Several components Assimilation, Integration, Marginalization, Separation Positive attitudes toward one's ethnic group Ethnic selfidentification Sense of belonging Attitudes toward one's ethnic group Ethnic involvement * Ethnic identity is one aspect of acculturation Emphasis on Formation Developmental Approach Stage vs. Outcome Minority Identity Development Model (Atkinson, Morten, & Sue) A continuous process Not necessarily linear or irreversible Not a hierarchy 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Stage Model: Conformity Dissonance Resistance and Immersion Introspection Synergetic Articulation and Awareness Ethnic Identity Development Model (Phinney) Derived from Erickson's theory and Marcia's stage model Achieved = Optimum outcome 1. 2. 3. 4. Stage Model: Diffuse Foreclosed Moratorium Achieved Stages in 2 dimensions No Exploration No MORATORIUM ACHIEVED Commitment Yes DIFFUSE FORECLOSED Yes Overlap of EI Models Phinney Diffuse Foreclosed Moratorium Achieved Atkinson, Morten & Sue Conformity Dissonance Resistance & Immersion Introspection Synergetic Articulation EI Research with Asian Americans Ying & Lee (1999) Evaluated EI/Acculturation models for AAs 342 1222 year old Asian Americans in Bay Area (mostly East Asian and U.S. Born) Essay contest "Growing up Asian American" Coded essays for EI status and outcome, and transition (did they have another status before?) Ying and Lee findings Status Foreclosed 33% Diffuse 1% Moratorium 19% Achieved 47% Outcome Separated 32% Assimilated 4% Marginal 2% Integrated 42% Unintegrated 20% Liu: The Accidental Asian Apply Ethnic identity models as you read. Classify Liu's EI status and outcome according on the basis of his memoir Any strong reactions? Feelings of identification versus annoyance/anger versus pity? Reflect on what your ethnicity means to you. Formative experiences, strong memories? Ethnic Identity and Selfesteem Phinney & Chavira (1992) longitudinal study T1 strong EI T2 high SE T1 high SE T2 strong EI Time 2 Regression n/a 1 (U) 1 (U) 5 (A) Time 1 Unexamined 8 Moratorium 6 Achieved 6 Time 2 Stability 1 (U) Time 2 Progression 7 (2M, 5A) 3 (A) n/a Phinney & Chavira (1992) T1 Ethnic Identity .14 .52* T2 Ethnic Identity .47* .49* T1 SelfEsteem .52* .77* T2 SelfEsteem Is EI Important to Everyone? Crocker et al. (1994) Collective Self Esteem ~ Ethnic identity Private CSE how you privately evaluate your group Public CSE how you think others evaluate your group Identity CSE how important your group identity is to you Membership CSE how well you function as a member of your group Is Ethnic Identity Important to Everyone? Private CSE Public CSE Identity CSE Membership CSE Related for Asians Unrelated for Blacks (Life Satisfaction, Hopelessness) CSE SelfEsteem for all CSE Adjustment for only Asians Group Identity may be most important for Asians ...
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