Chapter 8 - Motivation - Chapter 8 Theories of Employee Motivation What is Motivation Motivation internal state that induces person to engage in

Chapter 8 - Motivation - Chapter 8 Theories of Employee...

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Chapter 8 – Theories of Employee Motivation What is Motivation? - Motivation – internal state that induces person to engage in particular behaviours o Direction, Intensity, Persistence over time Work Motivation Theories - Main concern: Why people perform jobs better than others (besides individual ability) - Many different theories of behaviour o Needs hierarchy theory o Two-factor theory o Reinforcement theory o Expectancy theory o Self-efficacy theory o Justice theory o Goal-setting theory o Cognitive control theory o Action theory - Theories can exist along continuum from distal to proximal o Distal – far removed from behaviour (eg. Needs theories) o Proximal – processes close to the behaviour (eg. Goal-setting theory) Needs Theories - People’s desires can differ within the same person over time, and across different people - Declining interest in Needs theories Needs-Hierarchy Theory - Human needs arranged in hierarchy that includes physical, social, and psychological needs - Hierarchy (High to Low) o Self-Actualization o Esteem o Love o Safety o Physiological needs - Research is NOT supportive (Locke says b/c it’s vague, difficult to design tests of it) Two-Factor Theory - Herzberg ’s theory - 2 categories of human needs: o Hygiene factors (pay, supervision, coworkers, etc) o Motivator factors (achievement, recognition, responsibility, nature of work) - Need motivator factors to be satisfied in order to motivate individual - Research is NOT supportive Reinforcement Theory - Based on Law of Effect
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  • Fall '16
  • John Meyer
  • Psychology, Industrial, Organizational, 2660, VIE Theory

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