ATKINSON MODEL - Atkinson Morten Sue Minority Identity...

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Atkinson, Morten, Sue Minority Identity Development Model Stage One: Conformity Stage: 1) Attitude toward self : Self-depreciating attitude.- Individuals who acknowledge their distinguishing physical and/or cultural characteristics consciously view them as a source of shame. Individuals who repress awareness of their distinguishing physical and/or cultural characteristics depreciate themselves at a subconscious level. 2) Attitude toward members of same minority : Group-depreciating attitude. Fellow minority group members are viewed according to dominant-held beliefs of minority strengths and weaknesses. 3) Attitude toward members of different minority : Discriminatory attitude. Other minorities are viewed according to the dominant group’s system of minority stratification (i.e. those minority groups that most closely resemble the dominant group in physical and cultural characteristics are viewed more favorably than those less similar.) 4) Attitude toward members of dominant group : Group-appreciating attitude. Members of the dominant group are admired, respected, and often viewed as ideal models. Cultural values of the dominant society are accepted without question. Stage Two: Dissonance Stage : 1) Attitude toward self : Conflict between self-depreciating and self-appreciating attitude. With a growing awareness of minority cultural strengths comes a faltering sense of pride in self. The individual’s attitude toward distinguishing physical and/or cultural characteristics is embodied by alternating feelings of shame and pride in self. 2) Attitude toward members of same minority : Conflict between group- depreciating and group-appreciating attitudes. Dominant-held views of minority strengths and weaknesses begin to be questioned, as new, contradictory information is received.
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