3A03-Final-Exam-Review (1) - 3A03Book3Review Introduction o (pamphlet) ,Eros, o Loveandhungerma

3A03-Final-Exam-Review (1) - 3A03Book3Review Introduction o...

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3A03 Book 3 ReviewCivilization and its Discontent - Sigmund FreudIntroduction-Has to do with his Instincts and Drive theoryoBeyond The Pleasure Principle (pamphlet) – new way of looking at theory-Till then his theory was based on Love, Eros, sexuality and Self Preservation oLove and hunger make the world go round – eros and self preservation Self preservation is self love – called narcissism Love can flow outwards to others or can be brought in again-Another set of drives – Death Drive/ Instinct – the opposite of ErosoEros brings people together, death instinct tear everything apart – force of destruction where all living matter decomposed into organic parts oThese forces in us = basic drives – are everywhere in the universe -  The Future and the Illusion (pamphlet)oBased on religionoCivilization (everything that distinguishes use from our animal cousins – believe in evolution and Darwin) was supposed to bring us happiness and advances, but causes us unhappiness – cant act on impulsesChapter 1-Talks about great individuals (philosophers, poets, religious figures, etc.)-On author – Roland Roman (friend of Freud)oBeing one with the external world as a whole -Freud – religion stems from our helplessness which is experiences in 2 different stages in our life o1. Infants – terrified of noises, visuals, unfamiliar things – look to our parents to subside anxietieso2. Adults – continue to experience these anxieties through i. Nature outside of us (earthquakes, epidemics…)ii. Nature inside us (bodies become weaker)iii. Fellow human beings (not always treated nicely)oAdults create god to take place of parents and take away anxieties -Freud raises question of whether it is being correctly interpreted and whether it ought to be regarded as the fons et origoof the whole need for religion oWhere does this common feeling come from -Towards the outside, ego maintains clear lines of demarcation (I know what’s me and I know what’s not)oThere is one state, an unusual state, in which it does not do this – being in loveoDeclaring love - “I” and “you” = one, prepared to behave as if it were fact -There are cases in which parts of a persons own body, perceptions, thoughts and feelings seem alien to him and as not belonging to his ego
oOther cases in which he ascribes to the external world things that clearly originate in his own ego oWe project some of our own emotions onto others or phantoms of our imagination outside of us -**Freud is suggesting that originally there was not clear distinction between what is me and what is not meoSense of ‘us’ is everything – were all it is o

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