alethic relativsm

alethic relativsm - Kevin Arnold PHL 323 Alethic Relativism...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Kevin Arnold PHL 323 Alethic Relativism Alethic Relativism is the belief that all truth is relative. To say this is to say that what is true for one individual or culture is not necessarily true for another individual or culture. It denies the possibility of any universal truths. I believe that alethic relativism is not a doctrine that should be followed, or can consistently be followed and defended. To make a statement that all truth is relative is one that I will closely examine and attempt to refute. First I believe it is important to further distinguish alethic relativism from other forms of relativism. Alethic relativism is very different from Moral Relativism, Aesthetic Relativism, and other forms. Moral and aesthetic relativism are beliefs that specific types of truths are relative to an individual or culture. In the case of aesthetic relativism, it is the belief that what is beautiful or pleasing to the eye is relative to an individual or culture. You find this type of relativism when someone makes the statement “beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” Moral relativism is the belief that what is right and wrong is relative to an individual or culture. In contrast, alethic relativism is the belief that all truth in the world is relative. A person who is an alethic relativist would believe and follow the doctrines of moral and aesthetic relativism; however, a person who is a moral relativist does not necessarily believe that all truth is relative. Now an alethic relativist has some arguments that present themselves to be attractive to many people. First and perhaps one of the most common arguments is the Argument from Perspectivalism. This argument goes as follows; 1) every belief or judgment is made from just one perspective or point of view. 2) If every belief or
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
judgment is made from just one perspective or point of view, then the truth of every belief or judgment is relative to a perspective or point of view. 3) Therefore the truth of every belief or judgment is relative to a perspective or point of view. This is one of the more popular arguments for alethic relativism because it appeals to the common sense. As one takes a common sense view across cultures it would stand to make sense that there are many truths. For example in some Asian cultures if you finish all the food on your plate your host assumes you are still hungry and will serve you more. However, in some cultures like America it is often considered impolite to leave food on your plate because it is a non-verbal sign that the food wasn’t to your liking. This is a powerful argument for the alethic relativist. It appeals to a lot of people’s common sense of the world around them and that alone can be persuasive enough. However there is a very big problem with the Argument from Persepctivalism. The problem lies in the second premise.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/14/2008 for the course PHL 340 taught by Professor Barnes during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Brockport.

Page1 / 8

alethic relativsm - Kevin Arnold PHL 323 Alethic Relativism...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online