Wikiwords 81)Italian Irredentism2)Battle of Adwa3)Treaty of London4)Italian Regency of Carnaro5)Benito Mussolini
OPCVL 8David I. Kertzer is a professor of social science, anthropologyand Italian studies at Brown University. He is the authorof nine previous books.“One thing people don't really often understand is that Italy is a rather young country. It only formed in 1861 and Rome only became part of it in 1870. The unification of Italy only became possible by doing more with the papal states and with the pope, so that when Rome was taken away from the pope by military force in 1870, the then-Pope Pius IX proclaimed himself a prisoner of the Vatican, retreated to the Vatican, excommunicated the king and the leaders of the Italian government and forbade good Catholics from recognizing its legitimacy, running for office, or voting in parliamentary elections.So this was a big cloud over the formation of an Italian national identity and weighed heavily on Italy and Italians for decades so that at the time Mussolini came to power in 1922 there had been now, for about six decades, this war between the church and the Italian state.
0. BackgroundReview TOVArmistice signed on 11/11 after KW II abdicated by the New German Socialist Government(IMPORTANT LATER!)Led by:PM Clemenceau of F, PM Lloyd George of GBand Pres WW of USAF: G to pay for damage, remains weak so that F never threatenedGB: wants to preserve naval supremacy; more lenient than FUSA: hoped to set up lasting system of international relations (14 points)Basic Terms:G loses colonies•Rhineland Demilitarized•Poland existsRestricted army/navy•Germany ≠ Austria•CzechoslovakiaLoN created•Saar coalfields & Alsace-Lorraine to FNo airforce•War guilt clause•$33B reparations