Post-WWI Instability 1 - Post WWI Instability Rise of Mussolini Wikiwords 8 1 Italian Irredentism 2 Battle of Adwa 3 Treaty of London 4 Italian Regency

Post-WWI Instability 1 - Post WWI Instability Rise of...

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Post WWI Instability Rise of Mussolini
Wikiwords 8 1) Italian Irredentism 2) Battle of Adwa 3) Treaty of London 4) Italian Regency of Carnaro 5) Benito Mussolini
OPCVL 8 David I. Kertzer is a professor of social science, anthropology and Italian studies at Brown University. He is the author of nine previous books. “One thing people don't really often understand is that Italy is a rather young country. It only formed in 1861 and Rome only became part of it in 1870. The unification of Italy only became possible by doing more with the papal states and with the pope, so that when Rome was taken away from the pope by military force in 1870, the then-Pope Pius IX proclaimed himself a prisoner of the Vatican, retreated to the Vatican, excommunicated the king and the leaders of the Italian government and forbade good Catholics from recognizing its legitimacy, running for office, or voting in parliamentary elections. So this was a big cloud over the formation of an Italian national identity and weighed heavily on Italy and Italians for decades so that at the time Mussolini came to power in 1922 there had been now, for about six decades, this war between the church and the Italian state.
0. Background Review TOV Armistice signed on 11/11 after KW II abdicated by the New German Socialist Government ( IMPORTANT LATER ! ) Led by: PM Clemenceau of F , PM Lloyd George of GB and Pres WW of USA F: G to pay for damage, remains weak so that F never threatened GB: wants to preserve naval supremacy; more lenient than F USA: hoped to set up lasting system of international relations ( 14 points) Basic Terms: G loses colonies •Rhineland Demilitarized •Poland exists Restricted army/navy •Germany ≠ Austria •Czechoslovakia LoN created •Saar coalfields & Alsace-Lorraine to F No airforce •War guilt clause •$33B reparations
O. Italian Unification

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