100 Words-HOTA Q2 - Andrianna Kaimis 100 Definitions HOTA...

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Andrianna Kaimis1/18/19100 Definitions: HOTAMr.Conroy1) Act of Toleration- act of tolerance, allowing specific religious groups to practice their religion without being punished, but retaining the ability to revoke that right at any time.2) King Phillips War- was an armed conflict betweenNative Americaninhabitants of present-dayNew Englandand English colonists and their Native American allies in 1675–78.3) Treaty of Toredsillas- agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers.4) Triangular Trade- the trade in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that involved shipping goods from Britain to West Africa to be exchanged for slaves, these slaves beingshipped to the West Indies and exchanged for sugar, rum, and other commodities, which were in turn shipped back to Britain.5) Predestination- the divine foreordaining of all that will happen, especially with regard to the salvation of some and not others. It has been particularly associated with the teachings of St. Augustine of Hippo and of Calvin.6) Navigation Acts or Laws- a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign ships for trade between every country except Britain. This ended 200 years later.7) The Great Awakening- several periods of religious revival in American religious history. Historians and theologians identify three or four waves of increased religious enthusiasm occurring between the early 18th century and the late 19th century.8) Sir Francis Drake- an Englishsea captain,privateer,navigator,slaver, and politician ofthe Elizabethan era. Drake carried out the secondcircumnavigationof the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation.9) Dutch West India Company- aDutchtrading companyfounded in 1621 to developDutchtrading interests in western India, South America, andWestAfrica.10) Mayflower Compact- the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. Separatist Congregationalists who called themselves “Saints” wrote it. Later they were referred to as Pilgrims or Pilgrim Fathers. They were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England.11) Patroons- a person given land and granted certain manorial privileges under the former Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.12) Virginia Company- a joint stock companythat was approved by King James I to create new settlements in the colony of Virginia. A joint stockcompanyis a business organization with which investors pooled money in order to purchase stock in a company.13) Headrights System- originally created in 1618 in Jamestown, Virginia. It was used as a way to attract new settlers to the region and address the labor shortage. With the emergence of tobacco farming, a large supply of workers was needed. New settlers who paid their way to Virginia received 50 acres of land.

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