The Context of Aquinas

The Context of Aquinas - The Context of Aquinas(1225-1274...

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The Context of Aquinas (1225-1274) Europe in the Middle Ages o Europe fragmented: Holy Roman Empire was none of the above Pope had temporal power, had armies to fight the emperors o Evolution of political thought: competing concepts of sources of authority Authority placed in the local community Authority is from God but delegated to rulers (orthodox position of both the Emperor and the Church) Development of separate spheres of spiritual and temporal authority => inevitable dispute over the range of each respective sphere Excommunication of the king would absolve citizens of obeying him o Political, social, and economic changes challenged Augustine’s notion that the world was in inevitable decay. Perhaps politics had a large role. o Role of the Church: provided a cultural as well as religious unity. The Church touched every aspect of people’s lives. It survived the fragmentation of the Roman Empire. It was what all western Europeans had in common => thus the reintroduction of Greek philosophy had profound implications. Recovery of Greek philosophy: Aristotle precipitated a crisis in theological and
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The Context of Aquinas - The Context of Aquinas(1225-1274...

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