organic chem slides

organic chem slides - EXAMPLES Formula of amine derivative...

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171 E X A M P L E S Formula of amine derivative name Formula of product Name of product RNH 2 or ArNH 2 NH 2 OH NH 2 NH 2 NH 2 NHC 6 H 5 primary amine hydroxylamine hydrazine phenylhydrazine C N R or Ar OH NH 2 NHNHC 6 H 5 C N C N C N Imine Oxime Hydrazone Phenylhydrazone
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172 OXIDATION KETONES- not easily oxidized to well defined products ALDEHYDES- EASILY OXIDIZED TO CARBOXYLIC ACIDS TOLLENS TEST R C O H R C O OH oxidizing agent aldehyde carboxylic acid R C O H aldehyde + + OH 3 Ag(NH 3 ) 2 R C O O 2 + 2 Ag + 4 NH 3 + H 2 O silver ammonia complex silver mirror 2
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173 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS O H C O CHAPTER 10
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174 NOMENCLATURE I- COMMON NAMES HCO 2 H - FORMIC ACID CH 3 CO 2 H - ACETIC ACID CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CO 2 H - BUTYRIC ACID CO 2 H BENZOIC ACID
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175 II-IUPAC NAMES A- Find the longest chain which includes the carboxylic acid group. B- Number the chain beginning with the carboxyl carbon atom. C- Replace the final e in the alkane name with the suffix oic and add the term acid. D- Substituents are indicated in the usual way. EXAMPLE CO 2 H OH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4-hydroxy-3-(n-propyl)heptanoic acid
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176 EXAMPLES AROMATIC ACIDS - NAMED AS DERIVATIVES OF BENZOIC ACID CH 3 C O CH Cl OH CH 3 CH C O CH OH CH 3 C O CH OH 2-chloropropanoic acid but-2-enoic acid 2-phenylpropanoic acid O OH C O OH C NO 2 NO 2 benzoic acid 2,4-dinitrobenzoic acid
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177 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES A- Form hydrogen bonds with water. Low molecular weight acids tend to be soluble in water
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2008 for the course CHEM 120 taught by Professor Krishnamachari during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Hunter.

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organic chem slides - EXAMPLES Formula of amine derivative...

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