Title_IX - No person in the United States shall, on the...

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No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. (Title IX…WSF) These are the words of a powerful legislation set forth in 1972 by Representative Edith Green of Oregon.Title IX’s most visible success has come in athletic programs. Prior to 1972, the attitude amongst the population was that every dollar that went towards women’s sports programs was one dollar less for the men’s programs. In 1972 8% of women in school participated in their respective sports programs. “This statistic was often cited as a lack of female interest in sports. Those that argued for gender equity asserted the low participation of female students was due not to a lack of opportunity and support.” (IN Congress) Supporters also argued that sports were not only beneficial for the physical wellbeing of women, but also their psychological health by boosting confidence and giving them better self images. In 1971 fewer than 300,000 girls participated in high school sports. In that same year, “a Connecticut judge was allowed by law to disallow girls from competing on a boy’s high school cross country team even though there was no girl’s team.” (ed.gov) The judge was quoted later as saying that “athletic competition builds character in our boys. We do not need that kind of character in our girls” (ed.gov) “Before Title IX, scholarships were rare, no matter how talented. After winning two Olympic golds in the 1964 Summer Olympics, swimmer Donna de Varona could not get a college swimming scholarship. They did not exist for women.” (ed.gov) “Dot Richardson was 10 years old, playing catch in an Orlando, Florida, park when a man noticed her exceptional arm and asked if she wanted to play on his Little League team. Richardson was thrilled. "We'll just cut your hair short," said the coach,
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"and call you Bob." Richardson never believed that ball playing was reserved for boys.
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2008 for the course ENGL 102 taught by Professor Jones during the Fall '08 term at Kansas.

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Title_IX - No person in the United States shall, on the...

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