Theories in Psychology-1448151

Theories in Psychology-1448151 - Running Head Psychology 1...

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Running Head: Psychology 1 Psychology: Individual Differences Name Institutional Affiliation
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PSYCHOLOGY 2 Trait and Social Learning The trait theory, which is also called the dispositional theory, applies to the approach required in studying human personality. According to this theory, characteristics are almost stable over given periods; influence individual behavior and can differ across different persons. In some theories, a trait is something that is possessed by a person while in other theories; traits are the dimensions that exist in different individuals. The dispositional theories assume that there exist many different personality traits, which can be measured, examined and monitored across different characters. These attributes allow the person to behave and function within the role of the society such that the personality can be expressed through the behavior that one displays. Therefore, these traits are essential in generating the overall characteristics of an individual, and they tend to remain stable creating satisfaction as long as the activity performed matches the innate qualities of the individuals involved. However, there is the social cognitive that contrasts the dispositional theory by explaining the stages involved in personality development. The social theory states that observational learning is the key to the development of character; this means that reinforcement of the observed behavior is required for one to develop a given personality. Unlike the dispositional theory that suggests that each person possesses a personality trait, the cognitive theory believes that the quality of personality is developed through repeated observation of a given behavior. Therefore, cognitive theory of personality develops when a person repeats an agreeable behavior that must be comparable to his or her intellectual levels and hence, the environment is a key contributor to the behavior (Bernstein, 2010). The other differences between these two personality theories are that the trait theory has five significant segments that include extraversion, agreeableness, openness, neuroticism and
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PSYCHOLOGY 3 conscientiousness. The social cognitive theory, on the other hand, is made up of personality that is based on the relationship between the learning processes and the social environment. Therefore, the dispositional theory provides a clear overview of what personality entails, providing a description and composition of personality. While the social cognitive theory gives an overview of how personality is developed and how the environment contributes to the kind of personality possessed by an individual.
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