REVISED Polymyositis-1914888

REVISED Polymyositis-1914888 - Running Head Polymyositis 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Running Head: Polymyositis 1 Polymyositis: Physical Agents for the Treatment of Polymyositis Name Institutional Affiliation
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLYMYOSITIS 2 Introduction Polymyositis, PM, is among the idiopathic inflammatory myopathy disease that results in the inflammation of muscles resulting in general weaknesses on both sides of the human body. The condition is characterized by the presence of swellings in striated muscles that leads to deficiencies in the muscles. PM is common in both men and women and affects individuals of any age but most commonly those above the age of fifty to seventy years old. However, the condition is rarely common to teenagers under the age of eighteen but is twice prevalent among females than in males and blacks as compared to the whites (Moini, 2011). According to scientists, the causative agents of polymyositis remain unknown although the current research and evidence reveal that PM is an autoimmune syndrome associated with viral infections, connective tissue conditions or malignancies. The signs and symptoms of PM gradually develop over time portraying signs of weaknesses in the joints and muscles causing difficulties during walking, exercising and getting up from the chair among others. The muscle tissue defects linked to PM comprise of those muscles close to the upper arms, the neck regions, hips, thighs, shoulders among other muscles that are close to the trunk. The progressive weakness of the striated muscles along the upper esophagus can lead to aspiration, dysphagia, and dysphonia, and the chest muscles are also affected resulting in complications during respiration. Further symptoms may involve complications in the cardiac muscles leading heart diseases and eventually heart failure. Other symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, and difficulty in speaking among others. According to Cifu, 2015, since PM is an autoimmune condition, it is linked with other infectious and autoimmune diseases such as HIV/AIDS, lung disease, heart disease, and connective tissue diseases. Therefore, earlier treatment options are better in managing the
Image of page 2
POLYMYOSITIS 3 condition since severe stages of PM can be difficult to control. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapies are used in the management of the disease during the early stages, however, at advanced levels; biological therapies are applicable if the two mentioned before did not work. Management through physical therapy can also be applied; this treatment focuses on the development of exercise programs aimed at increasing the levels of physical activity, improving the functioning of the muscles and hence, decreasing impairments and disability. Due to the side effects of the medical therapies, some patients would opt for the physical therapies, and this can only be applicable after thorough examinations by the doctor.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern