kingdom fungus-1404363 - Surname 1 Name Instructor Course...

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Surname 1 Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Kingdom Fungi A fungus or fungi in plural are organisms classified under the kingdom Fungi. This kingdom is distinct from the other kingdoms of plants or animals. Fungi are eukaryotic organisms (those whose cells possess a nucleus with other organelles bounded by a membrane) such as yeasts and molds. The cell walls of the members of fungi kingdom contain chitin, a different characteristic compared to those of plants and other organisms. The fungi are also classified as heterotrophs because they acquire their food by secreting digestive enzymes into their surroundings hence absorb dissolved molecules. Fungi are the main decomposers of the organic matter in ecological systems, despite this principal role; they also take part in the circulation of nutrients in their surroundings. Some fungi such as the mushrooms are used as sources of food, used in the fermentation of products including wine, soy sauce, and beers and are useful leavening agents for bread. The use of fungi for production of antibiotics was put in place during the year 1946 to date; their enzymes have also been used for industrial purposes, production of detergents and insect, weeds/ plant pesticides. Despite their importance, fungi can also lead to crop destructions caused by fungal diseases such as the rice blast disease or food spoilage. Fungal reproduction occurs through sex with partners, which are compatible, or through sex cloning mechanism. The fungus
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Surname 2 produces several spores, which are then dispersed within a wider range where they encounter their various mating types hence reproduces. The fungus can live everywhere due to their high adaptability to the diverse ecosystems; they are widely distributed all over the world specifically in the tropical and temperate areas where there exists enough moisture for them to grow well. They live in water, land/soil, in plants, air, and animals; their varying adaptations suit the different climatic conditions that they live.
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