Caren Kosgei- Attachment Report. FINAL EDIT (Autosaved)

Caren Kosgei- Attachment Report. FINAL EDIT (Autosaved) - A...

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A REPORT ON A THREE MONTHS INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT AT KENYA PIPELINE COMPANY LIMITED FROM 04/05/2016 – 29/07/2016 BY KOSGEI CAREN JEPTOO ID NO: 31742421 KENYATTA UNIVERSITY BSC. ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY WITH MANAGEMENT REG NO: I73/0738/2013 0
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Contents DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................. 4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................... 5 CHAPTER ONE .................................................................................................................................... 6 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 6 1.1Company Profile ..................................................................................................................... 6 1.1.1KPC’S Vision ........................................................................................................................ 6 1.1.2Mission .................................................................................................................................. 6 1.1.3Motto ..................................................................................................................................... 6 1.1.4Core Values ........................................................................................................................... 6 1.1.5Operating Service Principles ............................................................................................... 7 1.1.6Organizational Structure .................................................................................................... 7 1.2Departments ............................................................................................................................ 8 1.2.1 Safety health environment and quality (SHEQ) ............................................................... 9 1.2.2 Operations ......................................................................................................................... 10 1.2.3 Procurement ...................................................................................................................... 10 1.2.4 Finance ............................................................................................................................... 11 1.2.5 Mechanical Engineering Section ...................................................................................... 11 1.2.6 Civil Engineering Section ................................................................................................. 11 1.2.7 Electrical Engineering Section ......................................................................................... 11 1.2.8 Security Section ................................................................................................................. 12 1.2.9 Quality Control Section .................................................................................................... 12 CHAPTER TWO ................................................................................................................................. 13 QUALITY CONTROL PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES ..................................................... 13 2.1 Recertification Tests ............................................................................................................. 13 2.2 Contamination Checks/ Rock Bottom Checks ................................................................... 13 2.3 Interface Cutting and Advice .............................................................................................. 14 2.4 Slops ...................................................................................................................................... 14 2.5 Re- injection Advice ............................................................................................................. 14 2.6 Authorizing Product Movement ......................................................................................... 15 2.7 Sampling ............................................................................................................................... 15 2.8 Sample Retention ................................................................................................................. 15 2.9 Pigging .................................................................................................................................. 15 2.10 Dips Analysis ...................................................................................................................... 16 2.11 Ullage .................................................................................................................................. 16 1
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2.12 Millipore Analysis .............................................................................................................. 16 2.13 Electrical Conductivity ...................................................................................................... 16 2.14 Stadis-450 ........................................................................................................................... 17 2.15 Inspection and Release of JET A-1 Trucks ....................................................................... 17 2.16 Octane Number and Pre-ignition ...................................................................................... 17 2.17 Dump Tank ......................................................................................................................... 18 2.18 Inventory ............................................................................................................................ 18 CHAPTER THREE ............................................................................................................................. 19 PETROLEUM TESTING AND MEASUREMENT PARAMETERS ....................................... 19 3.1 Density .................................................................................................................................. 19 3.1.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 19 3.1.2 Apparatus .......................................................................................................................... 19 3.1.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 20 3.2 Distillation ............................................................................................................................ 20 3.2.1 Definitions .......................................................................................................................... 20 3.2.2 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 20 3.2.3 Apparatus and equipment ................................................................................................ 21 3.2.4 Measuring Procedure ....................................................................................................... 21 3.3 Color ..................................................................................................................................... 21 3.3.1 Significance and uses ........................................................................................................ 22 3.4 Flash point ............................................................................................................................ 22 3.4.2 Flash Point Determination by Pensky Martens Tester (Semi-automatic) ..................... 23 3.4.3 Apparatus .......................................................................................................................... 23 3.4.4 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 23 3.4.5 Flash Point Determination by Abel Apparatus ............................................................... 23 3.4.6 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 24 3.5 Freezing Point ...................................................................................................................... 24 3.5.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 24 3.6 Existent Gum ........................................................................................................................ 24 3.6.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 24 3.6.2 Apparatus and equipment ................................................................................................ 25 3.6.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 25 3.6.4 Calculations ....................................................................................................................... 26 3.7 Electrical Conductivity ........................................................................................................ 26 3.7.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 26 3.7.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 26 2
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3.8 Smoke Point .......................................................................................................................... 26 3.8.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 27 3.9 Copper Corrosion ................................................................................................................ 27 3.9.1 Significance ........................................................................................................................ 27 3.9.2 Apparatus .......................................................................................................................... 27 3.9.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 27 3.10 Millipore Tests .................................................................................................................... 28 3.10.1 Colorimetric Millipore Test ............................................................................................ 28 3.10.2 Gravimetric Millipore Test-ASTM Method .................................................................. 28 CHAPTER FOUR ............................................................................................................................... 29 PETROLEUM CHEMISTRY ...................................................................................................... 29 4.1 Occurrence ........................................................................................................................... 29 4.2 Composition ......................................................................................................................... 29 4.2.1 Alkanes (Paraffins) ........................................................................................................... 30 4.2.2 Cycloalkanes (Naphthenes) .............................................................................................. 31 4.2.3 Aromatic Compounds ....................................................................................................... 31 4.2.3.1 Sulfur Compounds ......................................................................................................... 32 4.2.3.2 Nitrogen Compounds ..................................................................................................... 32 4.2.3.3 Oxygen Compounds ....................................................................................................... 32 4.2.3.4 Metallic Compounds ...................................................................................................... 33 4.3 Crude .................................................................................................................................... 33 Fraction Boiling Range .............................................................................................................. 34 CHAPTER FIVE ................................................................................................................................. 35 CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................. 35 CHAPTER SIX ................................................................................................................................... 36 REFFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 36 3
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DECLARATION I declare that this particular report is my original work and has never been submitted elsewhere for publication, degree award or examination. Therefore, where other people’s work has been used, proper referencing, quotations and citations have been made. Signature …………………. Date…………………..
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