Physician-assisted suicide-1445321

Physician-assisted suicide-1445321 - Surname 1 Name...

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Surname 1 Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Nursing: Physician-assisted Suicide Assisted suicide refers to suicide committed with the aid of another person mostly the doctors/physicians. Therefore, physician-assisted suicide is that death that involves a doctor providing advice or ways that are needed for one to commit suicide. Such information includes counseling the patient about the lethal drugs that can aid in the process and prescribe those drugs to the patient. Physician-assisted suicide (PAS), differs from euthanasia at times referred to as “mercy killing” in that in euthanasia involves aid by a doctor in administering the means of death while in PAS, the patient is responsible for managing the means of death. However, doctors are only allowed to conduct such killings where it is legal and is authorized by the medical ethics regardless of the prognosis of the patient’s disease or the patient’s desires. PAS is now a legalized act in some states in the United States; these countries are Oregon, Washington, Vermont and California. However, in Montana, the court decision Baxter versus Montana (2009) provided defense for the doctor charged in the tribunal for assisting the patient in committing suicide, despite these provisions, sentences and the courts for PAS are still possible in Montana. The Washington statute and Oregon’s Death and Dignity Act have come up with legal requirements that govern doctors administering and assisting patients during suicide (Niles, 101). These rules state that the patient should not be mentally ill or disoriented when they request the prescription for a lethal medication dose. The patient is required to make a second
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Surname 2 application after fifteen days and those two witnesses, one who neither is a doctor nor related to the patient should be present to confirm the request from the patient. Also, two physicians are required to confirm that the patient has been diagnosed with a terminal illness that does not allow the patient to live more than six months. The idea of PAS originated from Ohio in 1906 when Anna Hall, who said that her mother just died a very painful death that was cancer related backed up a movement, which advocated for the legislation of suicide assisted by the doctors. However, these efforts to pass the bill were rejected by the law in Ohio. One historian known as Appel in an article titled the Bulletin of the History of Medicine published in 2004 documented the debate over the legalization of PAS that took place in Ohio back in 1996. However, Dr. Jack Kevorkian brought the issue to the people of USA in 1990; the doctor is known to have assisted over forty people in the state of Michigan to commit suicide. During his first PAS in 1990, the doctor was charged with murder but later on the charges were dropped since there were no laws in Michigan that outlawed suicide or PAS.
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  • Spring '15
  • PAs

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