Architecture-1517510 - Running Head Architecture 1...

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Running Head: Architecture 1 Architecture: The Great Pyramids of Giza Dynasty IV Institutional Affiliation Name
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ARCHITECTURE 2 The great pyramid of Dynasty IV serves as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, the Pharaoh of the fourth dynasty Egypt. The architectural features of this great pyramid ought to offer the desired features almost similar to the previously constructed pyramids but more advanced than the ancient. Being Pharaoh’s tomb, the pyramid design should encompass three chambers in the inside, where the lowest chamber is partitioned into a bedrock where the pyramid is constructed while the two other rooms (the queen’s room and the king’s room), are built higher within the structure of the said pyramid. Therefore, due to its role, the central part o the building should include two mortuaries, a satellite pyramid, and three smaller pyramids for Pharaoh’s wives and small tombs surrounding the building. Therefore, the first step in the pre-construction phase of the pyramid is the selection of the site. Site selection includes determination of availability of raw materials, labor, transport facilities, good view of the landscape, type of soil at selected site, enough space to accommodate the pyramid and the ground water table off the ground. The site is then located near the quarries, and it borders the Nile to ensure ease of transportation of the construction materials from the quarries. The site is one thousand feet and hence can accommodate the entire pyramid whose base is seven hundred and fifty feet. The soil in the site is natural and is fit for construction of the pyramid; also, the water table of the ground is too low, and hence it cannot seep into the soil to the base of the building. Labor in the region is not an issue; the population is high, and several individuals are seeking any form of employment. The form of the pyramid includes both the exterior and interior architectural features; the pyramid type is a true pyramid with a height of Four hundred and fifty-five feet, a base of seven hundred and fifty feet and a volume of ninety-one million cubic feet. The interior part is comprised of the entrance, the plugs made of granite, the descending passage, ascending corridor
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ARCHITECTURE 3 and the secret chamber. The girdle stones make up the Queen’ chamber and the well-shaft while the king’s house, the grand gallery, and the portcullis system are from the grotto. There are star shafts, relieving chambers, explosion and king’s coffer. All these components make up the interior chamber each of them accorded specific measurements.
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