History of the United States-1514864

History of the United States-1514864 - Running Head History...

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Running Head: History of the United States 1 History of the United States Institutional Affiliation Name
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HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES 2 The New South and the New West The history of the new South and the new West from 1865-1900 covers the increase in industrialization, the resulting rise of industrialization in the area, the progressive and reconstruction eras and the Golden age among others. The two regions (South and West), also experienced major population changes, economic growth, agricultural and industrial powers that developed the United States into a better nation than the other nations (Nash, Jeffrey and Winkler, 2016). By comparison, both regions came up with new strategies to raise income to pay for the destructions caused by the war, they raise income taxes, tariffs and duty, and issued government bonds to aid in bringing more money. In the West, major industrial growth and transformations occurred, the old industries were expanded and renovated into new ones, and infrastructure improved leading to market penetration into the remote areas. The growth produced a new class of the wealthy industrialists and some successful middle class persons. There was plenty of labor force due to the drastic population changes experienced in the region. There were a large number of newly arrived immigrants into the region; these people secured employment in one of the many industries that had been put up. Apart from the immigrants, population rise was also due to the many young people who moved from the rural areas to the cities in search of better employment opportunities. However, in the South, there were no major economic diversification was witnessed rather than industrial changes as in the West. The Southerners majored in agriculture where they first majored in secondary crops such as and sugar cane, they later on came to rice and cotton farming. Just like the Westerners, they needed plenty of labor force to accomplish their economic goals. Populations had increased also due to the immigrations into the region;
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HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES 3 however, their rise in population was not as major as that of the Westerners. There was a lot of slave emancipation that mostly rendered the South into loss of labor supply, therefore, their economic advancements took quite more time, due to the on and off supply of labor force. The African-Americans and the natives who were at the bottom levels of the society experienced tentative peace in the South although there were severe limitations. The White Southerners expected the blacks to work for them in the farms with very low wages, they expected the blacks to socialize among themselves, keep to themselves and worship in separate venues from the whites. The African-Americans were not expected to raise any demands or requests including those that advocated for equal rights. Later on, the proponents of the new South supported the idea of separation but equality among the Southerners. However, despite the idea of separate facilities that served similar purposes, these facilities were rarely equal. The
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