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Unformatted text preview: PoliSci Final Exam Review Sheet I. Lecture Outline A. Democrization- Strengthining the link between people and government through broadening participation. 1. Three Was It has occurred: a. Expansion of suffrage: by 1850s all property restrictions removed. b. 15 th amendment (1870- right to vote regardless of race. c. 19 th amendment (1920)- women right to vote d. 24 th amendment (1964)- no poll tax when voting. e. 26 th amendment (1971)- 18 years old and up vote. B. Growth of political parties 1. Help democratize the system in 3 ways. a. Recruitment b. Tie citizens and government together c. Provide labels for voters. C. Changes in Congressional Election Machinery 1. 17 th amendment (1913)- The senate composed of two senators from each state, elected by the people for six years. B. Civil Liberties 1. Religion a. Establishment Clause: For generations religion controlled the public sphere, in the second half of the 20 th century the courts created a wall of seperation must exist between religion and state. Sturdiness of this wall varied across states. Current doctrine states neutrality towards religion. b. Free Exercise Clause: Exercise of religion is afforded great protections similar to that of free speech. 2. Expression a. US vs. Schneck (1919)- Clear and Present Danger Test, when screaming fire in a movie theater are you protected by the first amendment? Answer is no. b. Gitlow vs. New York (1925)- Due process clause in 14 th amendment protects freedom of speech as one of the fundamental personal rights and liberties. c. Incorporation: The application of almost all of the Bill of Rights to the states through due process clause of the 14 th amendment. d. Near vs. Minnesota: Freedom of the Press and how far it can go, establishes Prior Restraint. This is rules telling the press in advance what it can and can not publish....
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