Comm 118 Review Sheet Exam 1

Comm 118 Review Sheet Exam 1 - Comm 118 Review Sheet Part...

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Comm 118 Review Sheet Part Two: Historical Material 1. How did the Study of communication emerge in the Greek World? 2. Paradox of democracy and communication: Communication is the lifeblood of democracy. It is most important for people to study rhetoric. Confusion and display don’t teach it. Subject matter of communication: The principles by which it works don’t let anyone have this knowledge but experts. Art of conveying information. 3. Gorgias’s paradox about language and reality and what he believes language can and can not do: We can use language to understand anything; it can be twisted in any direction. Best thing we can do is appear well. Doesn’t help us make good decisions. Language is powerful. 4. Socrates self created mission, about meaning and truth: He believed that people did not know how to define the words they use. He thinks because of this democracy is unorganized. 5. Plato’s view of meaning and truth: has famously outlined the differences between true and false rhetoric in a number of dialogues , but especially the Gorgias and the Phaedrus . Both dialogues are complex and difficult, but in both Plato disputes the Sophistic notion that an art of persuasion, the art of the Sophists which he calls "rhetoric" (after the public speaker or rhêtôr) can exist independent of the art of dialectic. Plato claims that since Sophists appeal only to what seems likely or probable, rather than to what is true, they are not at all making their students and audiences "better," but simply flattering them with what they want to hear. While Plato's condemnation of rhetoric is clear in the Gorgias , in the Phaedrus he seems to suggest the possibility of a true art of rhetoric based upon the knowledge produced by dialectic, and he relies on such a dialectically informed rhetoric to appeal to the main character, Phaedrus, to
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Comm 118 Review Sheet Exam 1 - Comm 118 Review Sheet Part...

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