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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sociology: Notes: • Sociology: the scientific study of social groups • We study the individual as he or she exist in a reflexive relationship with society o How the individual is a reflection of society • Society and the individual must affect each other in order to study sociology • Society means nothing unless people are involved • Epistemology: the study of the orgins of knowledge • Common sense is hard for sociologist because: o It is based in quasi-scientific reasoning Makes a lot of claims o It is dominated by a set of ideas called individualism • Natural vs. social realities o Natural Physical features of nature that are more often than not universal and unchanging o Social Are historical and dynamic/ changing • Ontological security: a comforting belief that what you think is real is actually real • Common sense is dominated by individualism January 22, 2008 • Sociological thinking is the opposite of individualism • Sociology stresses that individual needs society and it is impossible to escape society impact • A third problem with common sense is that there are divisions of age, race, physical ability that makes us different. It applies too much on commonality and that we all think the same way • Ethnopsychologies: Sense that is common to certain groups. Different groups have different ethnopsychogies and we must be aware of the difference • Obdurate reality: something that is not affected by humans and is physical present. • Sociological imagination: an awareness of the relationship of present and past. The importance of history. The ability to connect private matters with public matters • If a certain idea is shared by people it’s a public matter • We can’t survive without each other; everyone is connected to each other January 29, 2008 • The poor are beneficial to our society • The poor in terms of economy are bottom feeders o They consume a lot of products that the rest of society wouldn’t consume o By going to the bent and dent stores the poor improve our economy o Social service organizations wouldn’t be employed without poverty • The poor provide us a chance to exercise our morality/you feel better when you...
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2008 for the course SOCY 1001 taught by Professor Walden,gle during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.
- Spring '07