Cultural Violence notes

Cultural Violence notes - Cultural Violence: By Johan...

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Cultural Violence: By Johan Galtung By cultural violence we mean those aspects of culture, the symbolic sphere of our existence-exemplified by religion and ideology, language and art, empirical science and formal science-that can be used to justify or legitimize direct or structural violence Cultural peace meaning aspects of a culture that serve to justify and legitimize direct peace and structural peace Just as political science is about 2 problems-the use of power and the legitimization of the use of power-violence studies are about 2 problems: the use of violence and the legitimation of that use. The study of cultural violence highlights the way in which the act of direct violence and the fact of structural violence are legitimized and thus rendered acceptable in society. One way cultural violence works is by changing the moral color of an act from red/wrong to green/right or at least to yellow/acceptable Another way is by making reality opaque so that we do not see the violent act or fact, or at least not as violent. A typology of direct and structural violence: I see violence as avoidable insults to basic human needs and more generally to life, towering the real level of needs and satisfaction below what is potentially possible The four classes of basic needs-an outcome of extensive dialogs in many parts of
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Cultural Violence notes - Cultural Violence: By Johan...

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