Study Guide for Introduction to Sociology test 2

Study Guide for Introduction to Sociology test 2 - Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Study Guide for Introduction to Sociology test 2: Readings: Schaefer: pgs: 36-69; 71-81; 86-94 Macionis and Benokraitis: 75-82; 108-113; 138-142 Culture pgs 36-52: Culture and Society: Culture consists of all objects and ideas within a society, including ice crème cones, rock music and slang words Each people have a distinctive culture with its own characteristic waya of gathering and preparing food, constructing homes, structuring the family, and promoting standards of right and wrong The fact that you share a similar culture with others helps to define the group or society to which you belong A society is the largest form of human group. It consist of people who share a common heritage and culture Members of the society learn this culture and transmit it from one generation to the next Language is a critical element of culture that sets humans apart from other species Of course, even within the same society, a term can have a number of different meanings. Ex. In the US the words grass and weed signify both forage for grazing animals and in intoxicating drug. Development of Culture around the World: Many cultural universals are in fact adaptations to meet essential human needs, such as people’s need for food, shelter and clothing The cultural practices listed by Murdock may be universal, but the manner in which they are expressed varies from culture to culture Not only does the expression of cultural universals vary from one society to another, it may also change dramatically over time within a society The process of introducing new ideas or objects to a culture is known as innovation The emergence of Starbucks in China illustrates a rapidly escalating trend called globalization Today, more and more cultural expressions and practices are crossing national boarders, transforming the traditions and customs of the societies exposed to them Diffusion can occur through a variety of means, among them exploration, military conquest, missionary work, the influence of the mass media, tourism and internet Sociologist George Ritzer coined the term McDonaldization to describe the process through which the principles of the fast-food restaurant have come to dominate certain sectors of society, both in the US and throughout the world. EX. In Hong Kong, sex selection clinics offer a menu of items, from fertility enhancement to methods of increasing the likelihood of producing a child of desired sex. McDonaldization is associated with the melding of cultures, so that we see more and more similarities in cultural expression Many observers believe the McDonaldization and globalization serve to dilute aspects of a society’s culture
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Some societies try to protect themselves from the invasion of too much culture from other countries, especially the economically dominant U.S. Ex. In Brazil they sell Susi instead of Barbie, Susi looks more like a traditional Brazilian girl. Technology in its many forms has increased the speed of cultural diffusion and
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/15/2008 for the course SOCY 1001 taught by Professor Walden,gle during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

Page1 / 7

Study Guide for Introduction to Sociology test 2 - Study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online