Why America Needs the Electoral College
By Alea Roach
More than two hundred years ago, our founding fathers, faced with the difficult
problem of deciding how this new nation should go about electing a President, developed
a virtually flawless system.
This system was a solution to a complex set of problems the
founding fathers encountered, such as how to balance power fairly between large and
small states, how to unite a country so geographically and ethnically diverse, how to
combat communication and misinformation problems, and how to maintain a balance
between the Presidency, Congress, and the people.
The system they developed was the
Electoral College, a system in which each state is allotted a certain number of electoral
votes, based on the number of senators (2) and representatives (based on population) that
state has in the US Congress.
Then, typically, all of each individual state’s electoral
votes go to the candidate who wins the popular vote in that state, however in theory, the
state has the right to allot the electoral votes in any manner it deems appropriate.
the Electoral College serves to unite the country, enhance the position of minority
interests, stabilize the political atmosphere of the United States, and maintain a
One of the purposes for which the Electoral College was created, and has
successfully served, is to contribute to the overall cohesiveness of the United States.
Electoral College prevents the Presidential election from being decided by one large,
densely populated region of the country.
For example, if the Presidential election relied
on the popular vote rather than the Electoral College, one candidate could campaign
solely in and for the support of the highly populated states.