Final Memorandum - Roach-1 Final Memorandum The Grand...

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Roach -1- Final Memorandum: The Grand Strategy of Defensive Preemption Alea Roach A05760824 12.6.2005
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Roach -2- DATE: DECEMBER 6, 2005 SUBJECT: AMERICA’S GRAND STRATEGY TO: PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH FROM: ALEA ROACH, CHIEF FOREIGN POLICY ADVISOR PRESIDENT BUSH This memorandum outlines the current grand strategy of the United States as has been implemented by your administration since approximately September 11, 2001. In his article “Is there a Doctrine in the House?” Richard Haass states “There has been talk of a ‘Bush doctrine’ during this presidency, but…the Bush administration has not applied a coherent policy so much as it has employed a mix of tactics, including counter terrorism, pre-emption, unilateralism, and democracy promotion.” However, Haass could not be more wrong. The United States does in fact have a grand strategy, and since September 11, 2001, your administration has made great strides in achieving this grand strategy, the grand strategy of Defensive Preemption. The war in Afghanistan, the war in Iraq, national security, and foreign policies have all served to further this grand strategy. THE STRATEGY OF DEFENSIVE PREEMPTION The strategy of Defensive Preemption can be articulated as being a strategy in which the United States defends its own security and vital interests at all costs, even if and when this means the use of nuclear weapons, unconventional warfare, brute force, armed influence, and preemptive strikes on other countries, figureheads, or organizations. The strategy of Defensive Preemption includes the idea of keeping all options open when deciding how and when to defend the United States, much like the “flexible response” doctrine of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. The doctrine of Defensive Preemption includes the idea of that in order to defend the United States, we must diplomatically (when possible) or militarily (when necessary) eliminate threats where they originate before they have the chance to become a devastating attack on the United States. Preferably, this policy will be carried out multilaterally, however when multilateralism fails, the United States can and should unilaterally make decisions and take action concerning its own security. In essence, this strategy states that we must bring the war to the enemy before the enemy brings the war to us. This
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Roach -3- strategy also includes the idea that once we have eliminated a specific immediate threat, we must do everything in our power to assure our own security in both the near and distant future, including creating environments in which threats to the United States will not grow, but will die out on their own. In many cases, this idea includes the spread of democracy. Inherent in this grand strategy is the idea that we must be willing to pay a price for freedom and security now so that we do not have to pay an even greater price for freedom and security later, hence the idea of preemption. In my opinion, this strategy can be viewed as a continuation of previous grand strategies, particularly the
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