- Roach 2 -
DATE: MAY 8, 1945
SUBJECT: ENDING THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC
TO: PRESIDENT HARRY S TRUMAN
FROM: ALEA ROACH, CHIEF FOREIGN POLICY ADVISOR
Now that the war in Europe has been won, the United States must focus its attention on winning
the war in the Pacific against the Japanese, who have invaded China and refuse to relent in this
It has become abundantly clear, through the initial attack on Pearl Harbor and the
ruthlessness of the Japanese in the battles for Iwo Jima and Okinawa, that the Japanese will not
cooperate with the United States, diplomatically, militarily, or otherwise.
Our military efforts to
pressure Emperor Hirohito into unconditional surrender have yielded no results.
fight to the death in every battle, never surrendering, and plan to continue to fight in this fashion.
This brief memorandum outlines the feasible options for ending the war with Japan, weighs these
options with respect to the short term and long term goals of the United States, attempts to
predict Japanese response to these options should they be executed, and states my suggestions
with respect to ending this war.
SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM GOALS, PROBLEM
As stated above, the Japanese, after years of fighting, refuse to surrender.
In the short term, the
United States must halt and reverse the Japanese invasion of China. This can be achieved
through victory in the Pacific, which should be achieved as quickly as possible, as American
support for the war is quickly dwindling.
This victory over Japan should yield as few American
casualties as possible.
In the long term, the United States must protect its own security and
power as a world leader.
This should be done in a way which displays our military might to any
other potential military aggressors, specifically Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union.
SUMMARY OF CENTRAL POINTS