Miderm Memorandum

Miderm Memorandum - WWII Policy Memorandum: Ending the War...

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WWII Policy Memorandum: Ending the War in the Pacific Alea Roach A05760824 POLI 142J 11.1.2005
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- Roach 2 - DATE: MAY 8, 1945 SUBJECT: ENDING THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC TO: PRESIDENT HARRY S TRUMAN FROM: ALEA ROACH, CHIEF FOREIGN POLICY ADVISOR PRESIDENT TRUMAN Now that the war in Europe has been won, the United States must focus its attention on winning the war in the Pacific against the Japanese, who have invaded China and refuse to relent in this endeavor. It has become abundantly clear, through the initial attack on Pearl Harbor and the ruthlessness of the Japanese in the battles for Iwo Jima and Okinawa, that the Japanese will not cooperate with the United States, diplomatically, militarily, or otherwise. Our military efforts to pressure Emperor Hirohito into unconditional surrender have yielded no results. The Japanese fight to the death in every battle, never surrendering, and plan to continue to fight in this fashion. This brief memorandum outlines the feasible options for ending the war with Japan, weighs these options with respect to the short term and long term goals of the United States, attempts to predict Japanese response to these options should they be executed, and states my suggestions with respect to ending this war. SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM GOALS, PROBLEM As stated above, the Japanese, after years of fighting, refuse to surrender. In the short term, the United States must halt and reverse the Japanese invasion of China. This can be achieved through victory in the Pacific, which should be achieved as quickly as possible, as American support for the war is quickly dwindling. This victory over Japan should yield as few American casualties as possible. In the long term, the United States must protect its own security and power as a world leader. This should be done in a way which displays our military might to any other potential military aggressors, specifically Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union. SUMMARY OF CENTRAL POINTS
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- Roach 3 - In this memorandum, there are five options presented for ending the war with Japan. The first option in ending the war is to carry out a land invasion of Kyushu, then the main island of Japan. This option is by far the most costly option in terms of numbers of casualties for both the United States and Japan. Although this option is favored by some of your staff members, this option would likely have the highest cost/benefit ratio. The second option would be to continue to bomb and blockade Japan, in hopes that Emperor Hirohito will surrender. Although this has failed in the past, it is likely that if we continue to bomb and blockade strategic cities in Japan, Emperor Hirohito will eventually surrender. The third option is to ask the Soviets to invade China in hopes that the Soviets may be able to drive out the Japanese. This option should be utilized only in combination with any of the other four options. The fourth, and by far the best option is to use nuclear weapons against the Japanese, targeting the military and/or civilians,
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Miderm Memorandum - WWII Policy Memorandum: Ending the War...

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