deduction and induction - DEDUCTION AND INDUCTION 1...

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1 DEDUCTION AND INDUCTION 1. Deduction (Deductive Reasoning) Our claim (conclusion, thesis, etc.) is conclusively supported by our premises Often argued that the particular is inferred from the general Common example: P1: All cats are furry animals. P2: Felix and Tom are cats. C: Felix and Tom are furry animals. Types: a. Necessary analytical inferences follow from the truths of the meanings of words used. Example: “Brad Pitt is Angelina Jolie’s husband. Thus, Angeline Jolie is the wife of Brad Pitt.” b. Mathematical inferences follow from the truths of mathematics Example: “Since there are more people in the world than there are hair strands on you and my head, the population of the world is greater than the hair strands on your head.” c. Logical inferences follow from the truth of logic Example: “If you study hard, then you will earn a college degree, and if you earn a college degree, then you will be able to find a job; therefore, if you study hard, you will be able to find a job.
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