fallacy - FALLACY 1 Meaning From the Latin word fallere...

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1 FALLACY 1. Meaning From the Latin word “fallere” which means to deceive or to lead astray A fault in argument An erroneous reasoning that comes from false premises or irrelevant conclusion which seems to be correct A form of deception coming from an argument that is lacking in basis or evidence which we cannot easily detect without paying close attention to it 2. Kinds Fallacies of Ambiguity meaning of words or phrases creates a different meaning in the conclusion; a certain statement or argument is not clearly stated. a. Amphiboly the structure of the statement allows it to have two different meanings Example: Amazed by the performance, the clowns entertained the audience. b. Equivocation appears when the meaning of a particular word in a premise is different in use as given in the other premise; same term is used in two different ways Example: A star is a heavenly body visible in the night sky; Anne Curtis is a star; Therefore, Anne Curtis is a heavenly body visible in the night sky. c. Accent suggests a meaning different from the actual content of the proposition Example: You are now difficult to reach because you are already rich.
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