# syllogism - CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISM 1 Meaning Mediate...

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1 CATEGORICAL SYLLOGISM 1. Meaning Mediate inference which consists of three related categorical propositions The two propositions are called the premises of the syllogism: the first is the major premise and the second is the minor premise. The product or the consequent in the syllogism is called the conclusion. 2. Terms in the Categorical Syllogism A categorical syllogism is composed of three terms. These terms are the elements of categorical syllogism. The three terms have given names depending on their function in the syllogism. Major term it is a term found in the major premise and serves as the predicate of the conclusion Minor term it is a term found in minor premise and serves as the subject of the conclusion Middle term it is a term found in both premises which serves as the common or middle term in both terms: major term and minor term 3. Standard Form Categorical Syllogism It refers to the structure and arrangement of the propositions in the syllogism. A standard form categorical syllogism is arranged in this order: Major premise: All Filipinos are nationalistic; Minor premise: Some teachers are Filipinos; Conclusion: Thus, some teachers are nationalistic. Major term: nationalistic Minor term: teachers Middle term: Filipinos

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