Civil Disobedience and Peaceful Protest

Civil Disobedience and Peaceful Protest - Roach 1 The...

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Roach 1 The Teachings of Gandhi in “On Satyagraha ” as Related to Jesus Christ and a Photo of the Civil Rights Movement Alea Roach A05760824 12.05.2005
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Roach 2 Throughout history, non-violent civil disobedience has been advocated and utilized by world leaders such as Gandhi, Jesus Christ, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. to name a few. In his article entitled “On Satyagraha ,” Mohandas Gandhi defines non violence, describes its moral and practical superiority relative to violent methods of resistance, and establishes the argument that the basic principles of non-violence are based on love, truth, and bravery. The life, death, and teachings of Jesus Christ as described in the Hebrew Bible exemplify Gandhi’s definitions and perceptions of non-violence, and provide a realistic and tangible example of a satyagrahi , that is, a completely non-violent man. Not only are the teachings of Christ strikingly similar to the teachings of Gandhi, but Christ’s actions are uncannily aligned with the teachings of Gandhi as described in “On Satyagraha .” Similarly, an untitled photo depicting three students staging a sit-in at a white-only lunch counter in Jackson, Mississippi serves as a clear visual representation of Gandhi’s idea of civil disobedience and peaceful protest. The teachings of Gandhi specifically concerning non-violence, sentiment and actions toward adversaries, and the invincibility of love can all be found in some form in the teachings of Jesus found in the New Testament of the Hebrew Bible, specifically in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. In his article “On Satyagraha ,” Gandhi states “A Satygrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction.” Gandhi goes on to state “…he does not wish for the destruction of his antagonist, he does not vent anger on him, but has only compassion for him…the acid test of non-violence is that one thinks, speaks, and acts non- violently, even when there is the gravest provocation to be violent. There is no merit in being non-violent to the good and the gentle…Jesus knew ‘the generation of vipers’…but pleaded for mercy for them before the Judgment Throne” (Gandhi, 315). Similarly, in Matthew 5:39, Jesus states “…Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the
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Roach 3 other also…If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.” Later, in Matthew 5:44-47, Jesus states “…Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven…If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that?
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Civil Disobedience and Peaceful Protest - Roach 1 The...

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