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Final Exam Race and Ethnicity

Final Exam Race and Ethnicity - Roach 1 Final Exam POLI...

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Roach - 1 - Final Exam POLI 100H Race and Ethnicity in American Politics Alea Roach A05760824 1. Racial Order Racial order is the idea that there is a specific and mostly static ordering of races within the United States. This ordering classifies specific races as less than or greater than other races usually using racial stereotypes. Within this racial order, whites are usually at the top, and Hispanics and Latinos are usually somewhere at the bottom. Another example of this racial order is that Asian Americans are considered to be foreigners more than any other race. This notion is based on the stereotype that Asians do not adapt to or adopt American values, however this stereotype is unwarranted. Within this racial order, whites are considered to be the “most American,” followed by blacks, followed by other minority groups. However, economically, blacks can usually be found at the bottom of the list. 2. Implicit Racial messages Implicit racial messages are messages about race, ethnicity, or national origin that are often present within public discourse. Often times, these messages are not blatant, but rather they are implicit or extremely subtle, so that one may not notice these messages exist unless one is acutely aware of race issues. These messages can be intentional or unintentional, and they often use racial fears, tensions, and stereotypes in order to
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Roach - 2 - mobilize certain groups of voters for political reasons. Implicit racial messages can take many forms, and many techniques are used in order to project these messages to the public. For example, within news media, black criminals are often depicted or shown as being more violent than white criminals. They are shown wearing handcuffs or in prison, while their white counterparts are depicted in less violent manners. 3. Bakke vs. Regents of CA This was a case involving affirmative action that made it to the US Supreme Court in 1978. This case served as the standard for affirmative action rulings until the cases involving Barbara Grutter and Jennifer Gratz. In the Bakke case, the Supreme Court ruled that admissions based on racial quotas were illegal; however the court also ruled that using race as one aspect of many in order to determine admission is acceptable. This case was eventually overturned by the Grutter and Gratz cases, in which it was decided that giving an applicant more points just based on race is not giving an equal opportunity to all applicants. The case involved UC Davis medical school, which reserved 16 out of 100 seats for minorities, which the Supreme Court ruled as illegal. 4. Social Stigma
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Final Exam Race and Ethnicity - Roach 1 Final Exam POLI...

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