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Unformatted text preview: -1This course covers Mexico’s economic bankruptcy in 1982 caused by Statism and the subsequent attempts to dismantle Statism by Presidents: Miguel de la Madrid (MLM, 1982-1988) Carlos Salinas de Gortari (CSG, 1988-1994), who was Virtual President “under” MLM Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000) Vicente Fox (2000-2006) Felipe Calderón (2006--) These leaders have engendered opposition by, e.g., Subcomandante Marcos and by the Statist caudillo Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), who have opposed such programs as NAFTA and the Mexican Maquila (Industrial) Export Program (which has expanded from the Mexican side of the Border into the country’s interior. Since the 1990s, Narco-traficantes have openly attacked the government to paralyze police action against the creation of a Narco State.---------------------------- Much analysis of Mexican History since 1910 has involved assessing the Official Party’s claim that for over eight decades it led a “Permanent Revolution Under a One-Party Democracy.” Most observers see the Mexican Revolution as beginning in 1910 and ending in 1940 (including the Meyer- Sherman-Deeds reading assigned in this course) Carlos Fuentes sees the Revolution of 1910 as having come to an agonizing death by 1959 in his world-famous novel, The Death of Artemio Cruz The minority view argues that no Revolution occurred in 1910. This is articulated by Ramón E. Ruiz, who sees only a Great Rebellion, which existed from 1905 to 1924 Some other authors see the end of the Revolution as being 1968, 1982, 2000. Fuente’s view that the end came with “stages of death” is implicitly presented by Donald Hodges and Ross Gandy in Mexico: The End of the Revolution The view presented in this course is that most of the above debate is irrelevant. Although each of the above approaches offer incredibly important information and microanalysis to flesh out our understanding of what has happened since the Díaz era, they all miss the larger view that Mexico has experienced 14 major Cycles of struggle to establish/reinforce or defeat Statism, each one causing major Revolution in the economic conditions of all social classes and their political status since Pre-Colonial Times. The current Cycle of Anti-State Revolution Since 1983 is perhaps the most important in Mexican history, as we will see. In the process of examining these cycles, we need compare “Evolution” and “Revolution” as well as define “Statism” and its competitors for power: “Anti-Statism” and “Active Statism.” Suffice it to say here that "Statism" occurs anywhere when the State Central Government controls more than half (often all) of the national economy (GDP) and regulates (often “completely”) politics and society under a dictatorship. Theoretically the State is more important than individuals, who are expected to follow orders of their supreme leader and his regional and local bosses; doing so without argument....
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course HIST 161 taught by Professor Wilkie during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08
- The Mexican Revolution