07-Class notes-Television Violence

07-Class notes-Television Violence - Television Violence...

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Television Violence 01/10/2007 13:55:00 What contributes to violence in society? Multiple factors o Gang membership o Drug and alcohol o Poverty o Brain damage o Racism o Impulsivity Impact of television violence: 1972 Surgeon general’s report o looked at impact of media violence on tv o growing boys are very susceptible to learning aggression after  exposure to TV violence 1982 National institute for mental health (NIMH) Report o commissioned report surveying research from ’72-‘82 o can affect boys  and  girls in terms of aggressive tendencies o individuals may become frightened short-term or long-term o or might become desensitized to real world violence 1992 American Psychological Association  o recapped results f 1982 NIMH report 1996 American medical association
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o media violence is dangerous because it contributes to all these factors Telecomm bill: passed 1996 o Rate tv shows, allows parents to control what kids watch with v-chip in  tv o Entertainment industry didn’t have the time to respond to the findings  in the study before the bill was passed Questions: o How much violence is on tv?  Early 1990’s, Senator Simon threatens to pass legislation to  regulate what can be shown Industry responded w/ studies from broadcast networks and  cable networks Come up with report card to answer this question and the next  one o Are all types of violence bad? NTVS: nat’l tv violence study o Background Government pressure 2 studies broadcast networks (ucla study) cable networks  consortium of researchers to answer these qs UCSB: answer 2 qs UTA: violence on reality shows U of Wisconsin, madison: impact of ratings and  advisories UNC, chapel hill: PSAs, how showing people with harm  from violence would have an affect
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o UCSB Look at previous research Limited bc only counted violent acts, makes all violent  movies look the same Didn’t focus on “harm”, looked at nature and way in which  violence was presented Context matters The way in which violence is shown is important 3 Harmful Outcomes o learning aggression: doesn’t mean enactment o fear o desensitization Impact of Contextual Factors on 3 outcomes***(on exam) o Up arrow: increases learning, fear, desensitization o Diamond: decreases learning, fear, desensitization Contextual factors: ***(for exam: what’s characteristic, what’s outcome, why?)  in reading o Attractiveness: if see an attractive person being violent can cause  people to be aggressive o Weapons can cause aggression o Extensive/graphic violence: causes learning, fear and desensitization  to go up
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07-Class notes-Television Violence - Television Violence...

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