feb18syntax - Today Today Recursion Wh-Questions Passives...

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Today Today: Recursion, Wh-Questions, Passives FIRST EXAM: Monday, Feb. 25. Exam will be open book and similar to homework problems.
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Basic Rules of Sentence Formation 1) Every sentence must have a subject and a predicate . The boy walked . The boy threw the skunk . Not sentences: * The boy . * Threw the skunk .
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Phrase Structure Rule for Sentences 1) S => NP VP Every sentence must contain a Noun Phrase (subject) and a Verb Phrase (predicate)
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Phrase Structure Rules for Phrases 2) NP => (Det) (Adj) N (PP) 3) VP => V (NP) (Adverb) (PP) 4) PP => P NP
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Note that PP can appear 1. as part of a VP VP -> V (NP) ( PP ) 2. as part of an NP NP -> (Det) (Adj) N ( PP )
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1) Ambiguity Bruce hit the dog with the fish.
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Bruce hit the dog with the fish
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PP attached to VP VP 8 V NP PP 4 5 the dog with the fish
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Bruce hit the dog with the fish.
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PP attached to NP VP / \ V NP | | \ hit the dog PP with the fish
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2) Recursion NP => (Det) (Adj) N ( PP ) PP => P NP The microbes on the tick on the dog from the farm in the woods on the road to the town…
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b. Pat pushed the stubborn horse into the barn. c.
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2008 for the course LIN 101 taught by Professor Broslow during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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feb18syntax - Today Today Recursion Wh-Questions Passives...

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