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jan30 - Linguistics 101 Goals of this class To show you how...

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Linguistics 101
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Goals of this class To show you how incredibly smart you are.
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Goals of this class To show you how incredibly smart you are. To make you aware of how much knowledge you have of your language.
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Goals of this class To show you how incredibly smart you are. To make you aware of how much knowledge you have of your language. To help you learn to think analytically about language.
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To throw/catch a ball, you need to calculate… distance from target angle of target effect of gravity weight of ball size of ball shape of ball surface roughness of ball air currents, density of atmosphere…
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Moral We perform amazing feats every day. We perform these feats without conscious knowledge of HOW we do it. Using language is one of the most amazing feats of human beings.
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Knowing a language means… Knowing how to translate Meaning --> sound Sound --> meaning How do we do it?
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Today What is a grammar? Different varieties of language. Descriptive grammar and prescriptive grammar.
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Grammatical? a. Sentence not English this of grammatical is a. b. What did you buy it for him? c. Why you not study harder? d. I ain’t done nothing. e. Him and me are gonna hang tonight. f. Who did you speak to? g. Can I go to the bathroom? h. Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.
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Sentence (a) *Sentence not English this of grammatical is a. Would any native speaker of English say a sentence like this?
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Notation An asterisk (*) before a sentence indicates that the sentence is ungrammatical —native speakers of English would not say it.
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Possible Revision This is not a grammatical sentence of English.
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