march3semantics

march3semantics - Grammar the rules for associating meaning...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Grammar the rules for associating meaning and sound which are agreed upon by some community.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Today: semantics What is meaning ?
Background image of page 2
Principle of Compositionality The meaning of a sentence depends on the meaning of the morphemes in the sentence. the way these morphemes are combined into morphological and syntactic structures.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ambiguous Sentence: same morphemes, different structure Bruce hit the dog with the fish . Bruce hit the dog with the fish .
Background image of page 4
Semantic weirdness: the meanings of the words don’t fit together Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
More semantic weirdness That bachelor is married . This sentence is a contradiction = false by definition.
Background image of page 6
More semantic weirdness That bachelor is unmarried . This sentence is a tautology = true by definition.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What do we mean by meaning ?
Background image of page 8
Meaning = reference? Reference = that thing in the world that the morpheme names. cat =
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
But not all words refer to something in the real world… Vampires hate garlic.
Background image of page 10
Meaning is more than reference Bill Clinton Hillary Clinton’s husband The 48 th President of the U.S. Monica Lewinsky’s favorite guy all refer to the same person.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
But these terms are not interchangeable… Bill Clinton was the 48 th President of the US. (not a tautology) Bill Clinton was Bill Clinton. (??)
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 51

march3semantics - Grammar the rules for associating meaning...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online