chap3ans - Answers to Chapter 3 Problems Credibility...

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Answers to Chapter 3 Problems Credibility Exercise 3-1 1. Lighting, noise, speed of events, eyesight or hearing loss, inaccurate instruments, etc. 2. Being tired, distracted, emotionally upset, or having a very positive or very negative image of someone involved in the issue. 3. Credibility of the claim itself and credibility of its source. 4. Our own observations, our background knowledge, or other credible claims. 5. Our own observations! 6. Our memory! Exercise 3-2 ability to make eye-contact, lack of any nervousness in speech, the appearance of self-confidence, agreement with the listener’s views. Exercise 3-3 polished speech, a nice sense of humor, good looks, a personal connection to the listener, such as a relative or someone from the same town, and, again, agreement with the listener’s views. Exercise 3-4 In general, it’s likely that a person who is honest in one area is more likely to be honest in another. But many people might be more likely to lie under some circumstances. For example, one may lie to protect one’s family or friends from the Nazi’s. Also, one might tell the truth if lives were at stake but be less careful about it if the stakes were smaller. (This is rather like the person who might shoplift but would never think of robbing a bank.) Exercise 3-5
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The one about static electricity starting your gas on fire is true. The one about poor and rich people is probably true and even understated. The other claims are probably false. Exercise 3-7 2. Howie has considered only one reason why his friends’ opinions may be false—namely, they are lying. The overwhelming likelihood is, of course, that they did see a look-alike, but one who was good enough to convince them he was authentic. 3. Mr. Roberts should hang up the phone. The critical thinker will notice that he has been given nothing whatsoever in the way of assurance that he’s really talking to an SBC representative, and no legitimate SBC representative would ask for such information. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2008 for the course PHIL 211 taught by Professor Reed during the Fall '07 term at University of Louisville.

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chap3ans - Answers to Chapter 3 Problems Credibility...

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