Answers to Chapter 3 Problems
1. Lighting, noise, speed of events, eyesight or hearing loss, inaccurate
2. Being tired, distracted, emotionally upset, or having a very positive or
very negative image of someone involved in the issue.
3. Credibility of the claim itself and credibility of its source.
4. Our own observations, our background knowledge, or other credible
5. Our own observations!
6. Our memory!
ability to make eye-contact, lack of any nervousness in speech, the
appearance of self-confidence, agreement with the listener’s views.
polished speech, a nice sense of humor, good looks, a personal connection
to the listener, such as a relative or someone from the same town, and,
again, agreement with the listener’s views.
In general, it’s likely that a person who is honest in one area is
to be honest in another. But many people might be more likely to lie under
For example, one may lie to protect one’s family or
friends from the Nazi’s.
Also, one might tell the truth if lives were at stake
but be less careful about it if the stakes were smaller.
(This is rather like the
person who might shoplift but would never think of robbing a bank.)