Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - - 1 -Reviewing for the MUJZ 419 Final...

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- 1 -Reviewing for the MUJZ 419 Final Exam Questions on Swing Music - Know what Goodman did that began to break down national attitudes toward segregation. Goodman was America’s first real pop icon and “The King of Swing.” He wanted to be colorblind when picking artists, and simply wanted the best musicians to be in his band—no matter what ethnicity. Goodman was one of the first to lead a racially integrated jazz band, and he also cut several albums with Billy Holiday. If a record company or club owner refused to let his integrated band play, Benny would go somewhere else. Hired a private railroad car so that his band could travel together. Played music composed by Fletcher Henderson and other African American composers, thus, introducing their sound to white society. One of the first to lead a racially integrated jazz band (hired Lionel Hampton and Teddy Wilson) - Know who was the most important pianist of the Swing Era and why this was so. I WOULD SAY MARY LOU ACUTALLY – NOT ANY OF THOSE OTHERS. BECAUSE SHE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FEMALE PIANIST – WRITES ARRANGEMENTS – IS RESPECTED, I WOULD CHECK WITH MASON - When and why was KCMO (Kansas City, Missouri) an important center for the jazz community? - Kansas City was an important center for the jazz community in the early 1930s as Kansas City Jazz began to develop through big names in the jazz community such as Coleman Hawkins, Mary Lou Williams, Count Bassie, Lester Young, and Charlie Parker. Kansas City became established as a major center for jazz nightlife. Also, Kansas City was the western most point that a flat bottom boat could go, thus, the farthest most traveling jazz bands out of New Orleans could reach. Gave birth to a distinct style of jazz thanks to big names who lived in the second ward such as o Coleman Hawkins o Webster o Mary Lou Williams o Count Bassie o Lester Young o Charlie Parker Established Kansas City as a major jazz center because of nightlife Called “the territory” Was the western most point that a flat bottom boat could go Happened in 1934 (? I’m guessing this because it was the lecture’s name) – historic “battle of the saxes” between Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins I WOULD STICK WITH SWING STREET AND FAMOUS CLUBS FOR THE ANSWER ON THIS ONE – IT IS WAY WAY TOO LONG - When and why was 52 nd Street an important center for the jazz community? 52nd street is a street in New York City known for its abundance of jazz clubs and lively street life, and a great place for jazz musicians to showcase their talent. It reached its height of popularity between 1930 and 1940 and is known as “swing street” or simply “the street,” it is where swing and bop music coexisted. Of the 38 nightclubs, most were jazz, the most famous of which include the Famous Door, the Yacht Club, Tony’s, Three Deuces, and the Onyx club.
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Final Study Guide - - 1 -Reviewing for the MUJZ 419 Final...

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