March 12 - 1950 was a critical period for the SU and E Ru...

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March 12, 2008 - 1950 was a critical period for the SU and E Ru in gen, it was also a critical role in the breakup of the Su and the fall of communism. - Fall of communism is the great even of the second half of the 20 th century - History, much more difficult to get a handle on. One of the great handles is the fall of communism in 1991 - From 1970-85 medium background to the collapse of communism - Even though most of the regimes of eastern Europe and the Su based their political ideologies on some understanding of Marxism and were known as communism regimes, they were not in lenninist terms, or in Marxist terms, they were socialist regimes. Mostly they were socialist-authoritarian. - Socialism can exist comfortably with a democratic system - In the SU, socialism tended to coexist with a fairly authoritarian system that margianalized or neutralized the opposition. - If we look at the it, there were structural problems. They emerged from ways of thinking an organizing the economy that had been adopted in the 20s and 30s and have not been modernized to take into account changing global conditions. - There was a rigidity. - For the SU they emerged replicating putting in place policies from before. - Every now and again there are leaders with new ideas. - Stalin in power 1920s to the 1950s. - Kruschev- trid to put in place agricultural reforms that failed because of systemic problems with the policies themselves. - Problems of the soviet union tended to become more acute - The economy tended to be the focus of the government, it tended to focus on its economic performance. - Over time and consistently, year after year and plan after plan, the plans failed to achieve their targets. - Key figure through the 1970s was Brezhnev- came to prominesce in 1968 and died in 1982 - For his last three years, the SU really had a leadership void, because Brezhnev was not fully in control. - Wasn’t really clear who was making policy - After he died in 1982 there was Andropov, who died after 15 months. - Chenienko died after 12 months.
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